Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Perception and Practice of Induced Abortion by Married Women in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2016
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 34-38   |   Vol. 3, No. 6, December 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 42   Since Jun. 11, 2017 Views: 1168   Since Jun. 11, 2017
Authors
[1]
Okogbo A. Blessing, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Science, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria.
Abstract
This study investigated the perception and practice of married women in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria towards induced abortion. It is a community-based survey of 120 married women aged 18–45. Using a pretested structured questionnaire, data were obtained through a random sampling method and a simple descriptive statistics and chi square test were performed in SPSS (version 17). The prevalence of induced abortion in the studied population was 43.3% among which 17.5%, 8.3%, 9.2% and 9.2% self-reported they have had induced abortion once, twice, three times and more than three times respectively. As a check on the prevalence, 41.7% of the married women reported knowing a friend who has had an induced abortion before. Although 86.7% of the married women were aware that abortion is illegal in Nigeria; however, 13.3% wanted it legalized. The major reasons married women want abortion legalized were on medical ground (10.8%), social ground (6.7%) and as right of the woman (3.3%). Moral ground (55.8%) was the major reason while married women do not want abortion legalized. Based on the findings of this study, married women know abortion is illegal in Nigerian and do not want it legalized, however, they practise it secretly to avoid unwanted pregnancy. There is therefore the urgent need for the provision of contraceptive counseling and correct information to married women in the study area to reduce the incidence of induced abortion and accompanying complications due to its illegalized nature in Nigeria.
Keywords
Induced Abortion, Contraceptive, Married Women, Esan, Nigeria
Reference
[1]
World Health Organization (WHO). Unsafe abortion: global and regional estimates of the incidence of unsafe abortion and associated mortality in 2008, 6th Edition. Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization. 2011.
[2]
Okonofua F. E., Odimegwu C., Ajabor H. et al: Assessing the prevalence and determinants of unwanted pregnancy in Nigeria. Stud. Fam Plann.; 1999, 39: 67–77.
[3]
National Population Commission (NRC). Federal Republic of Nigeria and ORC Macro, Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2003, Calverton, MD, USA: NPC and ORC Macro, 2004, p. 104.
[4]
Oye-Adeniran B. A. et al., Community-based survey of unwanted pregnancy in southwestern Nigeria, African Journal of Reproductive Health; 2004, 8(3):103–115.
[5]
Sedgh G., Bankole A., Oye-Adeniran A., Adewole F. I., Singh S., Hussain R. Unwanted Pregnancy and Associated Factors Among Nigerian Women. International Family Planning Perspectives; 2006, 32 (4): 175–184.
[6]
Lamina A. M. Prevalence of Abortion and Contraceptive Practice among Women Seeking Repeat Induced Abortion in Western Nigeria. Journal of Pregnancy; Volume 2015, Article ID 486203, 7 pages.
[7]
Oyefabi A. O., Nmadu AG., Yusuf S. Prevalence, perception, consequences and determinants pf induced abortion among students of Kaduna State University, Northwestern Nigeria. J. Med Trop.; 2016, 18: 86-92.
[8]
Adewole, I. F. Trends in Post-abortal mortality and morbidity in Ibadan, Nigeria. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 1992, 38 (2): 115-118.
[9]
Makinwa-Adebusoye P., Singh S., Audam S. Nigerian health professionals’ perceptions about abortion practice. International Family Planning Perspectives; 1997, 23 (4): 155–161.
[10]
Oye–Adeniran B. A., Umoh A. V., Nnatu S. N. Complications of unsafe abortion: a case study and the need for abortion law reform in Nigeria. Reprod. Health Matters; 2002, 19(19): 18–21.
[11]
Åhman E., Shah I. H. New estimates and trends regarding unsafe abortion mortality. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 2011, 115(2011):121–126.
[12]
Shah I., Åhman E. Unsafe abortion in 2008: global and regional levels and trends. Reproductive Health Matters; 2010, 18(36):90-101.
[13]
Henshaw S. K., Singh S., Oye-Adeniran B., Adewole I. F., et al. The incidence of induced abortion in Nigeria. Inter. Fam. Plann. Persp.; 1998, 24(4): 156-164.
[14]
Okonofua F. E., Onwudiegwu U., Odunsi, O. A. Illegal induced abortion: indepth study of 74 new cases in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Tropical Doctor; 1992, 22: 75-78.
[15]
Okonofua FE., Abejide A., Makanjuola, R. A. Maternal mortality in Ile-Ife, Nigeria: a study of risk factors. Studies in Family Planning; 1992, 23: 319- 324.
[16]
Anate M., Awoyemi O., Oyawoye O. Induced abortion in Ilorin. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics; 1995, 49 (2) 197-198.
[17]
Anate M., Awoyemi O., Oyawoye O., Petu O. Procured abortion in Ilorin, Nigeria. East African Medical Journal; 1995, 72 (6): 386-90.
[18]
Brabin L., Kemp J., Obunge O. K., Ikimalo J., Dollimore N., Odu N. N., Hart C. A., Briggs N. D. Reproductive tract infections and abortion among adolescent girls in rural Nigeria. Lancet; 1995, 345 (8945): 300-304.
[19]
Salter C., Johnson H. B., Hengen N. Care for postabortion complications: saving women's lives. Population Reports; 1997, Series L, No. 10.
[20]
Obabori A. O., Ebosele R., Mokidi K. S. Decayproblems in cities: renewal options. JABS; 2006, vol. 4, no. 1-2, pp. 144–153.
[21]
World Medical Association (WMA). World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. 52nd WMA General Assembly, Edinburgh, Scotland. 2000.
[22]
Enabudoso EJ, Gharoro EP, Ande ABA, Ekpe UP, Okohue EJ. Five year review of complicated induced abortions in UBTH. Benin Journal of Postgraduate Medicine; 2007, Vol. 9; 13 -21.
[23]
World Health Organization (WHO). Technical and Policy Guidance for Health Systems. 2002.
[24]
Akpamu U., Nwoke E. O., Osifo U. C., Igbinovia E. M. S., Adisa A. W. Knowledge and acceptance of ‘vasectomy as a male method of contraception’ amongst literate married men in Ekpoma, Nigeria. African Journal of Biomedical Research; 2010, Vol. 13, No. 2; 153 – 156.
[25]
Akpamu U, Nwaopara AO, Osifo UC, Iribhogbe OI, Otamere HO, Igbinovia ENS, Okhiai O, Nwoke EO, Adisa AW., Ekhoye EI. The Perceptions of an ideal family size among married men (A case study of Ekpoma - Nigeria). Journal of science and Technology Research; 2011, 10 (1): 78 - 83.
[26]
Akindojutimi B. F. Abortion and the Nigerian woman: a select bibliography. Gender & Behaviour; 2000, 626 – 641.
[27]
Renne, E. P. The pregnancy that doesn’t stay: the practice and perception of abortion by Ekiti Yoruba Women. Social Science & Medicine; 1996, 42 (4): 483-494.
[28]
Akingba J. B. Abortion, maternity and other health problems in Nigeria. Nigerian Medical Journal; 1977, 7: 465.
[29]
Archibong, E. J. Illegal induced abortion – a continuing problem in Nigeria. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 1991, 34 (3): 261-265.
[30]
World Health Organization (WHO). Division of Reproductive Health. Unsafe abortion: global and regional estimates of incidence and mortality due to abortion, with a listing of available country data. Third edition. Geneva, World Health Organization. 1998.
[31]
Grimes D. A., Benson J., Singh S., Romero M., Ganatra B., Okonofua F. E., Shah I. Unsafe abortion: The preventable pandemic. Lancet; 2006, 25; 368(9550):1908-19.
[32]
Okonofua F. E., Ilumoka T. Prevention of morbidity and mortality from induced and unsafe abortion in Nigeria. Report of a seminar presented to the Population Council, New York. 1992.
[33]
Okonofua F. E., Ujah I. A. O., Songane F. F., Abdalla A., Nilaiyaka P., Swai R., Khanna M. S. Strategies to prevent unsafe abortion. International Medical Health Care. Advanced International Training Programme. Eds Staffan Bergstrom, Anders Molin, W. George Povey. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Uppsala University (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Research in Human Reproduction. 1993.
[34]
Okonofua F. E. Abortion and maternal mortality in the developing world. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Canada. 2006.
[35]
Nations M. K., Misago C., Fonseca W., Correia L. L., Campbell O. M. Women's hidden transcripts about abortion in Brazil. Soc. Sci. Med.; 1997, 44:1833-45.
[36]
Varkey P., Balakrishna P. P., Prasad J. H., Abraham S., Joseph A. The reality of unsafe abortion in a rural community in South India. Reprod. Health Matters; 2000, 8:83-91.
[37]
Paluku L., Kalisoke S., Wandabwa J., Kiondo P. (2013). Knowledge and attitudes about induced abortions among female youths attending Naguru Teenage Information and Health Centre, Kampala, Uganda. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology; Vol. 5(4), pp. 178-185.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved