Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Prevalence of Antenatal Depression Among Pregnant Women in Khartoum Maternity Hospital in Sudan
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 141-145   |   Vol. 2, No. 4, August 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 32   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1704   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Siddig Omer Handady, Department of Obstetrical and Gynecology, Imperial Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan.
Hajar Hassan Sakin, Department of Obstetrical and Gynecology, Royal Hayat Maternity Hospital, Kuwait, Elkwait.
Khalid Yassin M. Ahmed, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Al Neelain University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Awad Ali M. Alawad, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Medical Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
Background: Depression during pregnancy is particularly significant not just because of the consequences to the health of the mother, but also the potential deleterious effects on the developing fetus. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of antenatal depression among pregnant women during antenatal follow up and to determined risk factors of antenatal depression. Materials and Methods: It was cross-sectional and hospital based study conducted in Khartoum Maternity hospital, during one year (July 2011 – July 2012). A total of 1000 women were chosen as proportion of total number of pregnant women attending the refer clinic. A multistage random sampling technique was used to select the study sample. A detailed and structured questionnaire was filled directly by women. Results: A total of 1000 women participated in this study. The mean age of women was 29.5 + 5.2 years. 134 (13.4%) of women had depression, out of 134, 45(4.5%) were mild, 61 (6.1%) were moderate and 28(2.8%) were had severe depression. The study find significant statistical association between depression and the following variables: p value < 0.05, age, duration of marriage, number of pregnancy, husband support and family history of psychiatric. Conclusion: The present study concludes that almost 13.4% of these women are experiencing moderate levels of depressive symptoms. As well, there are implications for practice, theory, policy, and knowledge translation.
Depression, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Antenatal
Stewart DE, Gucciardi E, Grace SL. Depression. Available from: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/whsr-rssf/ack_e.html. Women's Health Surveillance Report. Toronto: Health Canada; 2003. (Cited September 2004).1-14.
WHO. Depression.Availablefromhttp://www.who.int/mental_health/management/depression/definition/en/. WHO; 2003. (Cited September 2004).
Spirito A, Ruggiero L, Coustan D, McGarvey S, Bond A. Mood state of women with diabetes during pregnancy. J Reprod Infant Psyc. 1992;10:29-38.
Chung TKH, Lau K, Yip ASK, Chiu HFK, Lee DTS. Antepartum depressive symptomatology is associated with adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes. Psychosom Med. 2001;63(5):830-834.
Bennett H, A. E, Taddio A, Koren G, Einarson T. Prevalence of depression during pregnancy: Systematic review. Obst & Gyn. 2004; 103(4):698-709.
Da-Silva VA, Moraes-Santos AR, Carvalho MS, Martins MLP, Teixeira NA. Prenatal and postnatal depression among low income Brazilian women. Braz J Med & Biol Res. 1998; 31(6):799-804.
Hobfall E, Ritter C, Lavin J. Depression prevalence and incidence among inner city pregnant and post partum women. J Consult Clin Psych. 2005; 63: 445-53.
Pajulo M, Savonlahti E, Sourander A, Helenius H, Piha J. Antenatal depression, substance dependency and social support. J Aff Dis. 2001; 65: 9-17.
Zuckerman BS, Amaro H, Bauchner H, Cabral H. Depression symptoms during pregnancy: Relationship to poor health behaviors. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1989; 160(5): 1107-11.
Kahn R S, Certain L, Whitaker R C. A re-examination of smoking before, during, and after pregnancy. Am J Public Health. 2002; 92(11):1801-8.
Barker DJP. The foetal origins of adult disease. Biol Science. 2005; 262:3 7-43.
Drewett R, Blair P, Emmett P, Emond A, Team AS. Failure to thrive in term and preterm infants of mothers depressed in the postnatal period: a population-based birth cohort study. J Child Psychol Psych Allied Dis. 2004;45(2):359-66.
Hirshfeld-Becker DR. Pregnancy complications associated with childhood anxiety disorders. Depress Anxiety. 2004;19: 152-62.
Zuckerman B, Bauchner H, Parker S, Cabral H. Maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and newborn irritability. J Dev Behav Pediatr. 2000; 11(4): 190-4.
Murray L, Cooper PJ, editors. Postpartum depression and child development. New York: Guilford Press; 2007.
Jesse DE, Walcott-McQuig J, Mariella A, Swanson MS. Risks and protective factors associated with symptoms of depression in low-income African American and Caucasian women during pregnancy. J Midwifery Wom Heal. 2005; 50(5): 405-410.
Bolton HL, Hughes PM, Truton P, Sedwick P. Incidence and demographic correlates of depressive symptoms during pregnancy in an inner London population. J Psychosom Obst Gyn. 2008; 19: 202-9.
Lovisi GM, Lopez JRRA, Coutinho ESF, Patel V. Poverty, violence and depression during pregnancy: a survey of mothers attending a public hospital in Brazil. Psychol Med. 2005; 35: 1485-92.
Kim HG, Mandell M, CranallC, Kuskowski MA, Dieperink B, Buchberger RL. Antenatal psychiatric illness and adequacy of prenatal care in ethnically diverse inner-city obstetric population. Arch Wom Men Hlth. 2006; 9: 103-7.
Brockington I. Motherhood and mental health. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2002.
Kumar R, Robson KM. A prospective study of emotional disorders in childbearing women. Brit J Psychiat. 2004; 144: 35-47.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved