Bodily Kinaesthetic Intelligence and Youth’s Predisposition to Criminal Activities in the South-South Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria
The study investigated the possibility of adopting Gender’s (1999) bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence in the prevention of criminal activities among youths in the South-South geopolitical zone of Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The stratified random sampling technique was used to select three out of six states in the geopolitical zone. A purposive sampling technique was applied to select three tertiary institutions, one in each of the three states, and one department offering course involving bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence in each of the three tertiary institutions. From a population of 3,859 regular year two students offering a course involving bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence in the three institutions selected, a sample of 385 was randomly selected. A researcher-developed instrument, bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence and youths criminal activities questionnaire (BKIYCAQ) with reliability index of .79 was used in data collection for the study. The result of data analysis revealed statistically significant involvement of youths with bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence in criminal activities and that there was no significant difference between youths with bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence and other youths in criminal activities. It was recommended among other things that the observed gap between the rich and poor and high level corruption particularly among political elites as well as graduates unemployment leading to poverty be addressed by governmental agencies.
Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence, Criminal Activities, Predisposition and Corruption
World Health Organisation (WHO, 2013). Global menance of drug counterfeiting. http://worldhealthorganisation.com. Accessed January 6, 2015.
Akoro, E. (2012, March 12). Tougher days ahead of Syria. Newswatch, 36.
Onyekachi; J. (2012, June 19). NIROPHARM laments global menace of drug counterfeiting. Daily Sun, 43.
Terkula, A. (2012, March 12). Sentencing Abdulmutalab. Nigeria Newsworld, 39.
Ola, T. (2012, January 19). Boko Haram has killed our business – Borno traders: It’s worse in Yobe. Sunday Sun, 10.
Molomo, D. (2012, February 28). Book Haram again: 3 corps killed at police station. Daily Sun, 11.
Achimugu, O. (2012, March 12). Yes, He’s a thief. Newswatch, 55(9), 28 – 29.
Nwagbara, C. N. (2012, June 19). Fuel subsidy probe and the $3m scandal. Daily Sun, 19.
Osauzo, T. (2012, June 19). Igbinedion Versify crisis: Ex-militants, cultists fought over female students – V. C. Daily Sun, 10.
Osuyi, P. (2012, June 19). Delta SSG’s 28-years-old son kidnapped. Daily Sun, 10.
Okara, V. (2012, June 19). House wife axes mother-in-law to death. Daily Sun, 11.
Farotimi, O. & Omoruyi, F. (2012, March 2). Lagos declares war on child abusers. Daily Sun,11.
Adebayo, B. & Onatade, D. (2012, January 29). Fashion Court: Where are their mothers? Sunday Sun Explore, 26 50 – 51.
Gross, K. (2010). Richard Gross Psychology: the Science of mind and behaviour (6th ed.) London: Hodder Education.
Sutton, C., Utting, D. & Farrington, D. (2006). Nipping criminality in the bud. The Psychologist, 19(8), 470 – 475.
Elander, J. , Simonoff, E., Pickles, A. Holmshaw, J. & Rutter, M. (2000). A Longitudinal study of adolescent and conviction rates among children referred to psychiatric services for behavioural and emotional problems. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 10, 40 – 59.
Wilson, J. & Herrnstein, R. (1985). Crime and human nature. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Regoli, R. & Hewitt, J. (1991). Delinquency in Society. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Decey, J. S. & Travers, F. E. (1996). Human development across the lifespan (3rd ed). Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Ibia, I. E. (2006). Sociological Foundations of Nigerian Education 2nd Ed.) Calabar: Cats Publishers.
Coie, J. D. & Dodge, K. A. (1998). Aggression and antisocial behaviour. In N. Eisenberg (Ed). W. Damon (Series Ed). Handbook of child psychology Vol. 3. Social emotional, and personality development (pp 779 – 862). New York: Wiley.
Shaffer, D. R. & Kipp, K. (2007). Developmental Psychology: Childhood and Adolescence (7th ed.) Belmont, CA: Wardsworth.
Leober, R. & Stouthamer – Loeber, M. (1998). Development of juvenile aggression and violence: Some common misconceptions and controversies. American Psychologist 53, 242 – 259.
Galen, B. R. & Underwood, M. K. (1997). A developmental investigation of social aggression among children. Development Psychology, 13, 589 – 600.
Nausel, T. R. Overpeck, M. Pella, R. S. Ruan, W. J. Simon-Morton, B. & Scheidt, (2001). Bullying behaviours among US youths: Prevalence and association with psychosocial adjustment, Journal of the American Medical Association 285, 2095 – 2100.
Frick, P. J. Cornell, A. H. Bodin, S. D. Dane, H. E., Barry, C. T., & Loney B. R. (2003). Colons unemotional traits and developmental pathways to severe conduct disorder. Developmental Psychology 39, 246 – 260.
Hubbard, J. A. Dodge, K. A., Cillessen, A. H. N., Coie, J. D. & Schwartz, D. (2001). The dyadic nature of boys social information processing in boys reactive and proactive aggression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 268 – 280.
Hollin, C. R. (1999). Crime and crime prevention. In D. Messer & F. Jones (Eds). Psychology and social care: London: Jessica Kingsley.
Mackenzie, D. I. Brame, R., McDowall, D., & Souryal, C. (1995). Boot camp prisons and recidivism in eight states. Criminology, 33, 327 – 357.
Farrington, D. P. (1995). The development of offending and antisocial behaviour from childhood: Key findings from the Cambridge Study in delinquent development. Journal of child psychology and Psychiatry, 36, 929 – 934.
Gardner, H. Feldman, D. H. & Krechevsky, M. (Eds) (1998). Project Spectrum. New York: Teachers College Press.
Galotti, K. (2004). Cognitive Psychology: in and out of the laboratory. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Santrock, J. W. (2002). A topical approach to lifespan development. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
Cline, T. (2008). What use is intelligence? In N. Frederickson, A. Miller, & T. Cline (Eds). Educational Psychology. London: Hodder Education.
Isangedighi, A. J., Joshua, U. T., Asim, A. E. & Ekuri, E. E. (2004). Fundamentals of Research and Statistics in Education and Social Sciences. Calabar; University of Calabar Press.
Udoh, A. O. & Emah J. (2005). Foundations of Educational Research (2nd Ed). Uyo: Sifon Press and Publishers.
National Universities Commission (NUC) (2014) Student Statistics 2013/2014 Academic Session. Abuja: NUC.
Kilete, M. (2012, June 19). Farouk Lawan: Bribe money missing: Lawmaker reports to police without exhibit. Daily Sun. 5.
Asanqwe, C. A. (2000). “Lend, Climate and Vegetation of Nigeria”. In Ajaegbu, B. J., Mathew-Daniel, E. & Uya, O. E. (2000) ed. Nigeria, a People United, a future assured. Vol. 1: Abuja: Federal Ministry of Information.
Umoyo, E. (2000, Nov. 23 – 25th). Address delivered at the first international conference on the Niger Delta. Uyo. Unpublished paper.
Bassey, O. O. (2000, Nov. 23 – 25th). “Imperative of Federalism, Resource Control and Grassroots Economic Empowerment: Options for Sustainable Development in the Niger Delta”. Paper Presented at the First International Conference on the Niger Delta. Uyo: Unpublished. /