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Hematological Changes in Children with Plasmodium Vivax Malaria Attending Elnihoud Teaching Hospital
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2019
Issue 2 (June)
Pages: 55-58   |   Vol. 6, No. 2, June 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 9   Since Apr. 26, 2019 Views: 873   Since Apr. 26, 2019
Abdelnassir Mohammed Ahamed, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of West Kordufan, Elnihoud, Sudan.
Hafiz Ahmed Hobiel, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of West Kordufan, Elnihoud, Sudan.
Malaria is a major health problem in developing countries which is transmitted through female Anopheles mosquitoes and caused by various species of plasmodium parasite. The objective for this study was to assess the hematological changes in children with plasmodium vivax malaria attending Elnihoud Teaching Hospital. This was cross-sectional study; carried out in Elnihoud Teaching Hospital. A total of 170 patients were enrolled in this study, 120 plasmodium vivax positive males and females as cases and 50 malaria negative males and females as control, between the ages of 1 to 14 years. Patients suffering from hematological disease, liver or renal impairment and different infection producing sepsis, dengue infection, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis were excluded. We compared the levels of hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), total white blood cells (TWBCs), platelet, pancytopenia and lymphocytes count between plasmodium vivax malaria patients and controls. The study revealed an elevation in microcytosis MCV (p= 0.006), leucopenia (p= 0.006) and thrombocytopenia (p= 0.006) among Plasmodium vivax patients than the controls. The study findings indicate that Plasmodium vivax is one of the common causes of hematological changes among children.
Plasmodium Vivax, Thrombocytopenia, Thrombocytosis, Leucopenia, Leucocytosis
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