Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Hematological Changes in Children with Plasmodium Vivax Malaria Attending Elnihoud Teaching Hospital
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2019
Issue 2 (June)
Pages: 55-58   |   Vol. 6, No. 2, June 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 8   Since Apr. 26, 2019 Views: 631   Since Apr. 26, 2019
Authors
[1]
Abdelnassir Mohammed Ahamed, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of West Kordufan, Elnihoud, Sudan.
[2]
Hafiz Ahmed Hobiel, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of West Kordufan, Elnihoud, Sudan.
Abstract
Malaria is a major health problem in developing countries which is transmitted through female Anopheles mosquitoes and caused by various species of plasmodium parasite. The objective for this study was to assess the hematological changes in children with plasmodium vivax malaria attending Elnihoud Teaching Hospital. This was cross-sectional study; carried out in Elnihoud Teaching Hospital. A total of 170 patients were enrolled in this study, 120 plasmodium vivax positive males and females as cases and 50 malaria negative males and females as control, between the ages of 1 to 14 years. Patients suffering from hematological disease, liver or renal impairment and different infection producing sepsis, dengue infection, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis were excluded. We compared the levels of hemoglobin (Hb), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), total white blood cells (TWBCs), platelet, pancytopenia and lymphocytes count between plasmodium vivax malaria patients and controls. The study revealed an elevation in microcytosis MCV (p= 0.006), leucopenia (p= 0.006) and thrombocytopenia (p= 0.006) among Plasmodium vivax patients than the controls. The study findings indicate that Plasmodium vivax is one of the common causes of hematological changes among children.
Keywords
Plasmodium Vivax, Thrombocytopenia, Thrombocytosis, Leucopenia, Leucocytosis
Reference
[1]
Latif, I. and Jamal, A. (2015) Hematological Changes in Complete Blood Picture in Paedriatric Patients of Malaria Caused by Plasmodium Vivax and Falciparum J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad Volunme (2): 351-355.
[2]
Jamal, M., Ara, J. and Ali, N. (2005) Malaria in paediatric age group: a study of 200 cases Pak armed forces Med J Volunme (1): 74-77.
[3]
Ankit, M., Atul, G. and Tejinder, S. (2015) Changes in hematological manifestations in children with vivax malaria International Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics Volunme (2): 141-144.
[4]
Guerra, C. A., Howes, R. E., Patil, A. P., Gething, P. W., Van Boeckel, T. P., Temperley, W. H., Kabaria, C. W., Tatem, A. J., Manh, B. H., Elyazar, I. R., Baird, J. K., Snow, R. W. and Hay, S. I. (2010) The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009 PLoS Negl Trop Dis Volunme (8): e774.
[5]
Mahgoub, H., Gasim, G. I., Musa, I. R. and Adam, I. (2012) Severe Plasmodium vivax malaria among sudanese children at New Halfa Hospital, Eastern Sudan Parasit Vectors Volunme 154.
[6]
Baird, J. K. (2009) Resistance to therapies for infection by Plasmodium vivax Clin Microbiol Rev Volunme (3): 508-534.
[7]
Mueller, I., Galinski, M. R., Baird, J. K., Carlton, J. M., Kochar, D. K., Alonso, P. L. and del Portillo, H. A. (2009) Key gaps in the knowledge of Plasmodium vivax, a neglected human malaria parasite Lancet Infect Dis Volunme (9): 555-566.
[8]
Wurtz, N., Mint Lekweiry, K., Bogreau, H., Pradines, B., Rogier, C., Ould Mohamed Salem Boukhary, A., Hafid, J. E., Ould Ahmedou Salem, M. S., Trape, J. F., Basco, L. K. and Briolant, S. (2011) Vivax malaria in Mauritania includes infection of a Duffy-negative individual Malar J Volunme 336.
[9]
Hassan, A. and Wisam, K. (2015) A study of thrombocytopenia in hospitalized vivax malaria patients Journal of Emergency Medicine Volunme (6).
[10]
Katira, B. and Shah, I. (2006) Thrombocytopenia in Plasmodium vivax infected children J Vector Borne Dis Volunme (3): 147-149.
[11]
Momodu, I., Umar, A., S., Uchechukwu Gabriel, I. and Aminu Haruna, K. (2013) Haematological changes in malaria-infected children in North-West Nigeria Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences Volunme 838-842.
[12]
Subhasish, S. and Dipkana, D. (2015) Hematological parameter in malaria cases: a comparative study in a tertiary care hospital Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences Volunme (5): 2078-2081.
[13]
Geleta, G. and Ketema, T. (2016) Severe Malaria Associated with Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax among Children in Pawe Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia Malar Res Treat Volunme 1240962.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved