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Association Between Age and Body Mass Index on Bone Minerals in Postmenopausal Women
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2019
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 19-23   |   Vol. 6, No. 1, March 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 14   Since Apr. 9, 2019 Views: 933   Since Apr. 9, 2019
Ebomoyi Maureen Isoken, Basic/Allied Medical Sciences, College of Medical Sciences, Edo University, Iyamho, Nigeria.
Ekhator Clement Nosa, Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria.
Our recent study shows that postmenopausal women present with lower serum calcium but higher phosphate compared to premenopausal women and that this may contribute to their increased risk for osteoporosis. However, several factors such as genetic, hormonal and environmental factors had been implicated with paucity of information on the effect of age and body mass index. It is the objective of this study to determine the association between age and body mass index on serum calcium and phosphate activities in postmenopausal women. The study was a cross sectional study carried out in a catholic mission hospital in Benin City, Nigeria. A total of 40 pre-menopausal and 280 post postmenopausal women completed the study. Following standard ethical process and laboratory procedures blood sample was obtained from each woman for estimation of serum calcium and phosphate concentrations. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20 at 95% confidence interval. There was a significant different in the age and the findings on BMI implies that postmenopausal women are 8.75 times more likely to be overweight. In the postmenopausal women, serum calcium correlates negatively with age (r = -0.064; p>0.05) and BMI (r=-0.055; p>0.05) while serum phosphate correlates positively with age (r = 0.077; p>0.05) and BMI (r = 0.131; p<0.05). The implications of these findings are that menopausal women may improve bone health by increase intake of calcium rich diet and increasing effort to reduced excessive weight gain.
Menopausal Age, Body Mass Index, Postmenopausal, Bone Minerals
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