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The Effect of Gestational Diabetes on Placental Shape in Sudanese: A Comparative Study
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 12-15   |   Vol. 5, No. 3, September 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 17   Since Feb. 13, 2019 Views: 866   Since Feb. 13, 2019
Authors
[1]
Mohamed Nouh Mohamed Ahmed, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[2]
Sami Arbab Saeed, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[3]
Muhammad Alamin Ahmed Abdalla, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[4]
Ali Osman Ali Mansour, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[5]
Zeinab Eltayeb Elfaki, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[6]
Saadeldin Ahmed Idris, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
The placenta is a new organ formed in the uterus during pregnancy, creating a vital connection between the developing baby and the mother. Gestational diabetes may cause some structural alterations of placenta. In the aiming to find out the effect of Gestational diabetes on placental shape in a singleton pregnancy, A case control prospective study was carried out in Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Khartoum (January 2015 ¾ September 2017), after due approval from institutional research committee, Alzaeim Alazhari University. The subjects were mothers who delivered their babies in the hospital. Cases were selected randomly, and divided in two groups: group A consisted of mothers having normal, uncomplicated pregnancy, group B consisted of mothers whose pregnancies were complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus. The statistical methods used were Chi-square test and Student's t test. A total of 385 placentae were collected, 128 were gestational diabetic placentae (Group A) and 257 were normal placentae (group B). In the current study gestational diabetes showed no effect on shape in normal and gestational placentae (P. value 0.659). This study updates the data related to the effect of gestational diabetes on the shape of placenta and confirmed that the gestational diabetes has no effect on placental shape.
Keywords
Placenta, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Normal Pregnancy, Placental Shape, Parity, Body Mass Index (BMI)
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