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Contraceptive Practice of Married Women in Ekpoma, Edo State-Nigeria
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Volume 2, 2015
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 52-58   |   Vol. 2, No. 4, August 2015   |   Follow on         
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Osifo U. C., Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
Akpamu U., Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
Shelu O. J., Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
Although data showed that fertility rates have fallen worldwide due to contraception, the position of Nigeria in this regards, appears to be a utopian as her population currently hits 170 million and is projected to increase by 55.3% in 3 decades to come. It is therefore the aim of this study to investigate the contraceptive practice of married women in Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria by examining their level of knowledge, utilization and future intent. The study is a simple descriptive survey of 250 married women in the study area using structured questionnaire. The result showed that married women have knowledge of family planning (97.2%) and contraceptives (96.4%) with 96.4% knowledgeable in female contraceptives and 76.8% in male contraceptives. Pills (97.6%), Tubal ligation/ tubetomy (96.8%), Injectables (97.6%), IUD (92.4%), Calendar method (84.4%) and Emergency contraceptive (68.4%) were the well known female contraceptives while withdrawal method (80.8%) and Male condom (76.8%) were the well known male contraceptives. Overall, the practice of contraceptive by married women was 23.9% with 28.3% and 13.7% practicing female and male methods respectively. Of importance, 42.3% were interested in future contraceptive practice with 30.0% interested in female methods while 71.0% in male methods. Conclusively, the findings of this study showed that married women are aware of contraception but are not utilizing it. However, married women are interested in male participation which is evidence in the 71.0% future intention in male contraceptive methods. It is therefore recommended that male involvement in contraception be encouraged as this may be a way to improve contraceptive utilization and curb the population problems in the country.
Married Women, Contraceptive, Practice, Future use, Ekpoma
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