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E-Cadherin Expression in Libyan Patients with Colorectal Carcinoma
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 1 (February)
Pages: 1-7   |   Vol. 1, No. 1, February 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 14   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1894   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Raja Aljafil , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[2]
Fatma Emaetig , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[3]
Salha Sassi , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[4]
Ibtesam El Hasad , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[5]
Khaled El Gehani , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[6]
Omran El-Fituri , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[7]
Abdelbaset Buhmeida , Center of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR) King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
[8]
D. S. Sheriff , Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya.
[9]
Adam Elzagheid , Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Benghazi University, Benghazi, Libya; Biotechnology Research Center, Twisha, Tripoli.
Abstract
Aim: The present study is undertaken to evaluate E-cadherin expression in a series of Libyan colorectal cancer cases to get an insight in its potential prognostic value in colorectal cancer in Libyan patients. Materials and Methods: A series of 81 Libyan patients with colorectal carcinoma were retrospectively studied. All carcinomas were selected from the archives of the Department of pathology, Benghazi University, derived from the period from January 2007 to December 2011. All tumors were classified using the histopathological criteria of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, and staging was made according to the criteria of tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification of the International Union against Cancer. Results and Discussion: Immuno Histo chemical (IHC) analysis was done using the automatic system (BenchMark XT, Ventana Medical System, Inc. Tucson, Arizona, USA). This fully automated processing of code-labeled slides included baking of the slides, solvent free deparaffinization, antigen retrieval in a cell conditioning buffer CCI (Mild: 36 minutes conditioning, and standard: Two staining indexes were calculated: the membrane index (MI) and cytoplasmic index (CI). These indices were calculated with both the intensity of staining and the fraction of positively-stained cells taken into account using the following formula: I= 0 x f0 + 1 x f1 + 2 x f2 + 3 x f3 Our data showed that loss of E-cadherin expression is more frequently detected in older age group and in colorectal cancer patients with lymph node involvement; 75% of tumors with lymph node involvement showed negative expression of E-cadherin. One of the most important finding of the current study is the association of E-cadherin expression with the disease outcome. Conclusion: These data suggest that the loss of the E-cadherin function could be associated with invasiveness, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis resulting in poor prognosis.
Keywords
Cadherin, Colorectal Carcinoma, Immunohistochemistry
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