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A Survey on the Mistreatment and Belittlement Experienced by Medical Students in a Private Medical College in Malaysia
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2020
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 29-45   |   Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2020   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 61   Since Feb. 9, 2020 Views: 1247   Since Feb. 9, 2020
Authors
[1]
Patricia Ang Hui Xuan, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[2]
Yasara Devmini Eliyapura, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[3]
Law Chin Yung, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
[4]
Pavitra Ravintheran, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Melaka, Malaysia.
Abstract
Introduction: This study is important to understand what contributes to a positive or negative learning environment in a medical school. It was conducted to determine the experiences of mistreatment and belittlement among clinical year medical students in a private medical college in Malaysia, the factors which are associated with mistreatment and belittlement, the main sources of perceived mistreatment and its impact on the psychological, academic and social aspects of the students’ lives. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted from June to July 2019 at a private medical college in Malaysia. A self-administered questionnaire comprising of 4 parts was circulated among 250 students in the MBBS programme. Chi square was calculated and the measure of association used is Odds Ratio. The level of significance is 0.05 and 95% Confidence Interval was calculated. Result: Among 250 responders, among types of abuse, 85.6% experienced being shouted or yelled at, 72% are humiliated or belittled, 58.8% had been the target of disparaging remarks or negative comments. Among types of sexual harassment, 44% experienced favouritism with 29.2% were denied opportunities based on their gender by lecturers and fellow students at the college and hospital staff and patients at hospital. Conclusion: Mistreatment and belittlement among medical students has always been a challenging issue for all medical colleges regardless of country. These results imply that it is a significant problem in Malaysian medical colleges.
Keywords
Mistreatment, Belittlement, Bully, Abuse, Sexual Harassment, Medical Students, Malaysia, Clinical Training
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