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The Effect of Virtual Reality on Pain in Primiparity Women
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2017
Issue 4 (July)
Pages: 46-50   |   Vol. 4, No. 4, July 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 72   Since Aug. 14, 2017 Views: 1350   Since Aug. 14, 2017
Authors
[1]
Intan Gumilang Pratiw, Midwifery Post Graduate Program, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
[2]
Farid Husin, Departement of Epidemiologi and Statistic, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
[3]
Ahmad Rizal Ganiem, Departement of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
[4]
Hadi Susiarno, Departement of Obstetric and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
[5]
Achmad Arifin, Departement of Biomedical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, East Java, Indonesia.
[6]
Firman Wirahkusuma, Departement of Obstetric and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.
Abstract
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Virtual Reality using smart phone on pain reduction in primiparity women during labour process. Labor pain experienced in labour is affected by the processing of multiple physiological and psychosocial factors. Perceptions of labour pain intensity vary. Very occasionally women feel no pain in labour and give birth unexpectedly. At the other extreme labour pain has been reported to be the most severe pain that a woman experiences in her lifetime. Non-pharmacological interventions in current use for the management of pain during childbirth. The virtual reality (VR) is a non-pharmacological method for pain relief. Material and methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 30 primiparous parturient women having labor at five public health centers (Puter, Garuda, Ibrahim Adjie, Padasuka, and Pagarsih) during March-April 2016. Samples during labour process were randomly divided into two equal groups. The intervention group received the usual treatment with VR the control group without VR. Pain was measured using the Faces Pain Scale (FPS) and Nonverbal Pain Scale (NVPS) during labour process on 1-3 cm, 4-5 cm, 7-8 cm, and 10 cm of cervix dilatation. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, Mann-Whitney and Point Biserial. Result: The result of this study is there were statistically significant differences the pain score in both groups (P<0,01). Conclusion: Virtual reality is an effective complementary nonpharmacological method to reduce pain during labour process.
Keywords
Virtual Reality, Labor Pain, Primiparity
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