Prevalence of HIV and Risk Factors among Prison Inmates in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Risikat I. Fadare, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
Oluwaseyi A. Akpor, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
George E. Oshodin, School of Health Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, Akure Study Centre, Nigeria.
This study assessed the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in a medium security prison in Ondo State, Nigeria. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with HIV/AIDS transmission in a typical Nigerian prison. The study employed a cross-sectional approach with data obtained from 200 randomly selected participants using pre-tested structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed a total HIV sero prevalent of 3.15% over the period of six years and self-reported HIV positivity of 3.5% point prevalence among the inmate in the prison. The majority (52.5%) of the respondent were in age group 25 years and above. Knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention was high (92%). However, some have misconception of mosquito’s bites and eating with infected persons 26.5%, 26.5% respectively. Despite the high level of awareness of HIV/AIDS observed among the participants, there was still some degree of misconception. There is therefore the need for implementation of HIV/AIDS interpersonal communication and counseling programmes for inmates in Nigeria prison.
HIV/AIDS, Risk Factors, Prison, Prevalence, Inmates
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