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Prevalence of HIV and Risk Factors among Prison Inmates in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2016
Issue 5 (September)
Pages: 31-36   |   Vol. 3, No. 5, September 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 72   Since Jul. 29, 2016 Views: 1577   Since Jul. 29, 2016
Authors
[1]
Risikat I. Fadare, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
[2]
Oluwaseyi A. Akpor, Department of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
[3]
George E. Oshodin, School of Health Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria, Akure Study Centre, Nigeria.
Abstract
This study assessed the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in a medium security prison in Ondo State, Nigeria. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with HIV/AIDS transmission in a typical Nigerian prison. The study employed a cross-sectional approach with data obtained from 200 randomly selected participants using pre-tested structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. The findings of the study revealed a total HIV sero prevalent of 3.15% over the period of six years and self-reported HIV positivity of 3.5% point prevalence among the inmate in the prison. The majority (52.5%) of the respondent were in age group 25 years and above. Knowledge on HIV transmission and prevention was high (92%). However, some have misconception of mosquito’s bites and eating with infected persons 26.5%, 26.5% respectively. Despite the high level of awareness of HIV/AIDS observed among the participants, there was still some degree of misconception. There is therefore the need for implementation of HIV/AIDS interpersonal communication and counseling programmes for inmates in Nigeria prison.
Keywords
HIV/AIDS, Risk Factors, Prison, Prevalence, Inmates
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