Recruitment of Nursing Students in Research Studies by Their Instructors: Ethical Issues
Recruitment of nursing students in research studies is now important to improve nursing education outcomes. However, the recruitment of nursing students by their instructors may encompass some ethical issues. The aim of this paper is to review and analyze the ethical issues related to the recruitment of nursing college students. The recruitment process of nursing students must be free of elements of coercion or undue influence. Nursing students should have the freedom to participate or refuse participation in any study without any pressure.
Nursing Education Research, Ethics, Recruitment, Participation, Nursing Students
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.). Participants recruitment for research. Retrieved April 27, 2016 from https://healthit.ahrq.gov/ahrq-funded-projects/emerging-lessons/participant-recruitment-research
American Psychological Association (APA). (2002). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Washington, DC: Author.
Bradbury-Jones, C., Stewart, S., Irvine, F., & Sambrook, S. (2011). Nursing students' experiences of being a research participant: findings from a longitudinal study. Nurse Education Today, 31(1), 107-111 5p. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2010.04.006
Burns, N., & Grove, S. K. (2005). The practice of nursing research: Conduct, critique, and utilization (5th ed). St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier/Saunders.
Cyr, D., Childs, R., & Elgie, S. (2013). Recruiting students for research in postsecondary education: A guide. Toronto: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.
Diamond, M. R., & Reidpath, D. D. (1992). Psychology ethics down under: A survey of student subject pools in Australia. Ethics & Behavior, 2(2), 101.
Ferguson, L. M., Yonge, O., & Myrick, F. (2004). Students' involvement in faculty research: Ethical and methodological issues. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 3(4), 1-14.
Foot, H. & Sanford, A. (2004). The use and abuse of student participants. The Psychologist, 17(5), 256-259.
John Hopkins University. (n.d.). Policy concerning the recruitment and enrollment of students in research involving human subjects. Retrieved April 27, 2016 from http://engineering.jhu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Student-Participation.pdf
Keith-Spiegel, P. & Koocher, G. P. (1988). Ethics in psychology: Professional standards and cases. New York: Random House.
Kimmel, A. J. (1996). Ethical issues in behavioral research. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
King Abdulaziz Science and Technology City. (2013). Implementing regulations of the law of ethics of research on living creatures. Retrieved April 27, 2016 from https://dsrs.ksu.edu.sa/sites/dsrs.ksu.edu.sa/files/imce_images/Final-draft-of-translation-Law-and-Regulations-small.pdf
Lo, B. (2010). Ethical issues in clinical research: A practical guide. Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott William & Wilkins.
Loftin, C., Campanella, H., & Gilbert, S. (2011). Ethical issues in nursing education: The dual-role researcher. Teaching & Learning in Nursing, 6(3), 139-143 5p. doi:10.1016/j.teln.2011.01.005
Roberts, L. W., Geppert, C., Connor, R., Nguyen, K., & Warner, T. D. (2001). An invitation for medical educators to focus on ethical and policy issues in research and scholarly practice. Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 76(9), 876-885.
Rubenstein, C. (1982). Psychology’s fruit flies. Psychology Today, 16, 83–84.
Schwenzer, K. J. (2008). Protecting vulnerable subjects in clinical research: children, pregnant women, prisoners, and employees. Respiratory Care, 53(10), 1342–1349. Retrieved from http://rtjournalonline.com/10.08.1342.pdf
Shamoo, A. & Resnik, D. (2015). Responsible conduct of research. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Sieber, J. E. (2000). Planning research: Basic ethical decision-making. In B. D. Sales & S. Folkman (Eds.), Ethics in research with human participants (pp. 13-26). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
The Belmont Report. (1979). The Belmont report: Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. Retrieved April 26, 2016 from http://www.fda.gov/ohrms/dockets/ac/05/briefing/2005-4178b_09_02_Belmont%20Report.pdf
United States Department of Health and Human Services. (1993). Institutional review board guidebook. Chapter VI: Special classes of subjects. Retrieved April 27, 2016 from http://www.hhs.gov/ohrp/archive/irb/irb_chapter6.htm#gt