Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Web-Based Research Using Delphi Methodology to Explore the Discrepancy in Qualitative Research
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 6 (November)
Pages: 60-68   |   Vol. 1, No. 6, November 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 32   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 2771   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Muayyad Ahmad, Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Ahmad Saleh, Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Ahmad Rayan, Faculty of Nursing, Zarqa University, Zarqa, Jordan.
Izzeddin Abu Bdair, Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Khulood Batarseh, Faculty of Nursing, KHMC\PMCN, Amman, Jordan.
Fuad Abuadas, Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Rana Elayyan, Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
Yahya Najjar, Faculty of Nursing, Al-Balqa'a Applied University, Amman, Jordan.
Sajidah Al-Hawamdih, Faculty of Nursing, Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan.
Hamza Ratrout, Faculty of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA.
Nawal Abu-Abboud, Faculty of Nursing, KHMC\PMCN, Amman, Jordan.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the key discrepancies in the qualitative research approach and its effect on research outcomes using Delphi web technique. Methods: An electronic questionnaire was used to collect experts’ opinions over two rounds. A panel of 24 experts filled questionnaire in the first round and 17 of them continued in the second round. Answers to open-ended questions were tabulated, summarized and analyzed thematically generating 44 items. Participants then were asked to rate their level of agreement with these item statements in the second round. Results: Scholars used and viewed the same qualitative approaches differently with a percentage of 76.5%. The paradigm for qualitative research is not well defined with a percentage of 70.6%. Every book and every published research article seems to describe qualitative methods differently. Furthermore, schools of qualitative research defined assumptions and their purposes differently. Conclusion: Recently there is an increase in using qualitative research methods in nursing. For novice researchers, a qualitative approach is not always clear. The experts were from different countries with diverse experiences and reached the consensus on some topics. This survey implies that the qualitative textbooks need to be more consistent with more simplification of the ambiguous terms.
Delphi, Qualitative Research, Discrepancy, Web-Based
W. R. Miller, "Qualitative research findings as evidence: Utility in nursing practice," Clinical nurse specialist CNS, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 191-193, 2010.
S. Thorne, S. R. Kirkham and K. O'Flynn-Magee, "The analytic challenge in interpretive description," International journal of qualitative methods, vol. 3, no. 1, p. 1, 2004.
I. Holloway and S. Wheeler, Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare, John Wiley & Sons, 2010.
M. R. Hunt, "Strengths and challenges in the use of interpretive description: Reflections arising from a study of the moral experience of health professionals in humanitarian work," Qualitative Health Research,, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 1284-1292, 2009.
S. Thorne, G. Joachim, B. Paterson and C. Canam, "Influence of the research frame on Qualitatively derived health science knowledge," International Journal of QualitativeMethods, vol. 1, no. 1, 2001.
M. Sandelowski, "Focus on research methods: Whatever happened to qualitative description?," Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 23, pp. 334-340, 2000.
D. J. Cohen and B. F. Crabtree, "Evaluative criteria for qualitative research in health care: controversies and recommendations," The Annals of Family Medicine, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 331-339, 2008.
P. J. Brink and M. J. Wood, Basic steps in planning nursing research: From Question to proposal, 5th ed., Boston: Jones and Bartlett, 2001.
J. W. Creswell, Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches, Sage, 2013.
M. O’Reilly and N. Parker, "‘Unsatisfactory Saturation’: a critical exploration of the notion of saturated sample sizes in qualitative research," Qualitative Research, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 190-197, 2013.
E. AlNazly, M. Ahmad, C. Musil and M. Nabolsi, "Hemodialysis Stressors and Coping Strategies Among Jordanian Patients On Hemodialysis: A Qualitative Study," Nephrology Nursing Journal, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 321-327, 2013.
J. Gordon and J. A. Patterson, "Response to tracy’s under the “Big Tent” establishing universal criteria for evaluating qualitative research," Qualitative Inquiry, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 689-695, 2013.
K. Caelli, L. Ray and J. Mill, "'Clear as Mud': Toward Greater Clarity in Generic Qualitative Research," International Journal of Qualitative Methods, vol. 2, no. 2, 2003.
M. Sandelowski and J. Barroso, "Finding the findings in qualitative studies," Journal of Nursing Scholarship, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 213-219, 2002.
L. Tawalbeh and M. M. Ahmad, "Personal Resource Questionnaire: A Systematic Review," The Journal of Nursing Research, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 170-177, 2013.
H. F. Wolcott, "Writing up qualitative research better," Qualitative Health Research, vol. 12, pp. 91-103, 2002.
M. Ahmad and E. Al Nazly, "Hemodialysis: Stressors and coping strategies," Psychology, Health & Medicine, 2014.
J. Sandberg, "How do we justify knowledge produced within interpretive approaches?," Organizational Research Methods, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 41-68, 2005.
S. B. Merriam, Qualitative research and case study applications in education, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1998.
M. Sandelowski, "Focus on research methods: Combining qualitative and quantitative sampling, data collection, and analysis techniques in mixed-method studies," Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 23, pp. 246-255, 2002.
C. Waltz, O. Strickland and E. R. Lenz, Measurement in nursing and health research, Springer Pub, 2010.
R. Kahlke, "Generic Qualitative Approaches: Pitfalls and Benefits of Methodological Mixology," International Journal of Qualitative Methods, vol. 13, pp. 37-52, 2014.
M. Hammersley, "The issue of quality in qualitative research," International Journal of Research & Method in Education, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 287-305, 2007.
A. Aqel and M. Ahmad, "High Fidelity Simulator effects on CPR Knowledge and Skills Acquisition and Retention," Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 2014.
C. C. Hsu and B. A. Sandford, "The Delphi technique: making sense of consensus," Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1-8, 2007.
S. Keeney, F. Hasson and H. McKenna, Front Matter, Wiley, Blackwell, 2011.
IBM Corporation, IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0, NY: IBM Corp., 2012.
L. Dardas and M. Ahmad, "Psychometric properties of the Parenting Stress Index with parents of children with autistic disorder," Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 560-571, 2014.
R. Whittemore, S. K. Chase and C. L. Mandle, "Validity in qualitative research," Qualitative health research, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 522-537, 2001.
A. K. Shenton, "Strategies for ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research projects," Education for information, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 63-75, 2004.
M. Ahmad, "Validation of the Cognitive Appraisal Health Scale with Jordanian patients," Nursing & health sciences, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 74-79, 2010.
S. L. Morrow, "Quality and trustworthiness in qualitative research in counseling psychology," Journal of counseling psychology, vol. 52, no. 2, p. 250, 2005.
L. Dardas and M. Ahmad, "Quality of life among parents of children with autistic disorder: A sample from the Arab world," Research in Developmental Disabilities, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 278-287, 2014.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved