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On the Passive Exposure to Nicotine from Traditional Cigarettes Versus e-Cigarettes
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 11-17   |   Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 63   Since Apr. 9, 2019 Views: 2227   Since Apr. 9, 2019
Authors
[1]
Daniel Martín, Laser and Molecular Beam Department, Institute Pluridisciplinar, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain; Molecular Physical Chemistry Research Unit, Department of Chemistry, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
[2]
Miguel Peñín-Ibáñez, Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Chemistry, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain; Applied Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, Madrid Autonoma University, Madrid, Spain.
[3]
Alicia González Gonzálvez, Laser and Molecular Beam Department, Institute Pluridisciplinar, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain; Applied Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, Madrid Autonoma University, Madrid, Spain.
[4]
María Jesús Santos-Delgado, Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Chemistry, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain.
[5]
Angel González Ureña, Laser and Molecular Beam Department, Institute Pluridisciplinar, Madrid Complutense University, Madrid, Spain; Applied Physical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Sciences, Madrid Autonoma University, Madrid, Spain.
Abstract
This study reports on the measurement and comparison of passive exposures to nicotine from smokers/vapers of conventional and e-cigarettes, respectively. To this end, a smoking machine was constructed whose experimental conditions can be easily changed and in which the nicotine of the produced smoke or aerosol was trapped and further analyzed by HPLC. The main results of the present work were (a) the average value of nicotine delivered per puff, was 42 ± 0.3 μg/puff for the combustion cigarette and 25 ± 0.2 μg/puff for the e-cigarette (b) it was found a drastic reduction to nicotine exposure in the passive subject when the active smoker was replaced by the active vaper. Specifically, at a distance of 100 cm, the passive smoker reduced its exposure to nicotine from 600 ng/puff to five ng/puff when the active subject was vaping an e-cigarette. The main conclusion of the investigation was the drastic reduction to nicotine exposure of the passive subject with the use of the e-cigarettes. instead of conventional cigarettes by the active vaper or smoker, respectively. Finally the present study suggest that the nicotine exposure experienced by the passive subject may follow an inverse quadratic dependence with the distance from the active smoker or vaper.
Keywords
HPLC, E-cigarette, Passive Smoking, Nicotine Exposure
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