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The Effect of Gestational Diabetes on Placental Weight in Sudanese: A Comparative Study
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 1-5   |   Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 35   Since Feb. 13, 2019 Views: 212   Since Feb. 13, 2019
Authors
[1]
Mohamed Nouh Mohamed Ahmed, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[2]
Zeinab Eltayeb Elfaki, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[3]
Ali Osman Ali Mansour, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[4]
Muhammad Alamin Ahmed Abdalla, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[5]
Sami Arbab Saeed, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
[6]
Saadeldin Ahmed Idris, Faculty of Medicine, Alzaeim Alazhari University, Khartoum, Sudan.
Abstract
Gestational diabetes may cause some structural alterations of placenta. To find out the effect of gestational diabetes on placental weight in a singleton pregnancy, a case control study was conducted in Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Khartoum (January 2015-September 2017), after due approval from institutional research committee, Alzaeim Alazhari University. The subjects were mothers who delivered in the hospital. Cases were selected randomly, and divided in two groups: group B consisted of mothers having normal pregnancy, group A consisted of mothers whose pregnancies were complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus. The data was managed statistically by SPSS. A total of 385 placentae were collected, 128 were gestational diabetic placentae (Group A) and 257 were normal placentae (group B). The mean placental weight in group A was 660 ± 116 gm (range, 470–900), while it was less in group B as 545± 206 (range, 300–900), and the difference was significant (P-value < 0.021). In conclusion there is significant increase in the placental weight in gestational diabetes placentae.
Keywords
Placenta, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Normal Pregnancy, Placental Weight, Parity, Body Mass Index
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