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Clear Snack Concept for Better Snack Choices – An Assessment Contribution
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 70-77   |   Vol. 5, No. 6, December 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 20   Since Oct. 18, 2017 Views: 166   Since Oct. 18, 2017
Authors
[1]
Ana C. C. Sousa, Centre for Studies, Society, Organizations and Wealfare (CESOB), Atlantic University, Barcarena, Portugal.
[2]
Elisabete Simões, Centre for Studies, Society, Organizations and Wealfare (CESOB), Atlantic University, Barcarena, Portugal.
[3]
Sandra Félix, Centre for Studies, Society, Organizations and Wealfare (CESOB), Atlantic University, Barcarena, Portugal.
[4]
Ana M. Pires, Centre for Studies, Society, Organizations and Wealfare (CESOB), Atlantic University, Barcarena, Portugal; Faculty of Sciences – Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (Ce3C), University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.
Abstract
Eating between meals lost the reputation of being a bad habit and began to be a healthy practice that keeps metabolism up and sustain energy. However, currently, the concept of snack is associated with frequency and amount but not with food nutritional value. Unhealthy and low nutritional or high nutrient content and fibers quality food are both considered snacks. This fact associated with the epidemics of obesity and type 2 diabetes, impose a question “to snack or not to snack: are we doing the right choice?”. The Portuguese reality was studied in order to draw attention to the benefits/risk of snacking behavior. An evaluation survey has been carried out based on snacking knowledge and behavior. It has been targeted at Portuguese people over 18. Data were statistically analyzed and association between variables was measured. Survey was answered by 704 people being 681 data validated; 79.1% female and 20.9% male. Sex differences were found for snack definition, while women associated it with timing and amount, men associated it with satiety. Regarding snacking behavior the majority of women opted for snacking whereas men preferred not to do it. An optimistic result was that snacking people are those who identified better and healthy snack options revealing a high nutritional literacy. In order to reach systematic information dissemination as a form of publicizing snacking good practices, it is mandatory to clarify snack definition. It was also possible to infer the need to include vegetables as a healthy option for a break between meals. Therefore, we believe that the findings of this survey have great public health importance not only for Portugal, but also for the benefit of those who have a busy lifestyle.
Keywords
Snacking, Snack Literacy, Snack Options, Satiety, Meals Replace
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