Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Awareness and Attitude Towards Basic Life Support Among Undergraduate Medical Students of Private Medical Colleges in Malaysia
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 93-102   |   Vol. 7, No. 3, September 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 70   Since Sep. 17, 2019 Views: 1542   Since Sep. 17, 2019
Lim Shin Tyan, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
Shashinka Nelson, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
Sim Jiun Chen, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
Siti Nurazera Binti Kamaludin, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
Ammar Bin Amran, Faculty of Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Academy of Higher Education), Muar, Malaysia.
A solid knowledge regarding BLS and CPR should be cultivated within individuals especially healthcare professionals so that they can engage in life saving measures in case of an emergency. Our study aims to determine the awareness as well the attitude towards basic life support among undergraduate medical students of private medical colleges in Malaysia. A cross sectional analytical study was conducted among 138 undergraduate medical students in a private medical college in Malaysia from May 2019 to June 2019. A self-administered, structured questionnaire which was obtained from previous studies was used to collect data. The awareness questionnaire consisted of 20 multiple choice questions while the questionnaire which assessed attitude consisted of 15 Likert type scale based questions. In the assessment of awareness, 1.45% of medical students seemed to have a good awareness while 27.54% had a somewhat fair awareness towards BLS and 71.04% of them seemed to have a poor awareness on BLS. In the assessment of attitude, 7.25% of medical students seemed to have a good attitude while 63.77% of students had a somewhat fair attitude towards BLS and 28.99% of them seemed to have a poor attitude towards BLS. There is no significant association between gender (p value=0.604), ethnicity (p value=0.365), parents’ occupation (related or not related to medical field) (p value=0.469), semester (p value=0.061) in both cases of awareness and attitude (P value <0.05). However, there is significant difference of awareness and attitude towards BLS between those who had experience in giving CPR and those who did not have experience in giving CPR. (P value>0.05). In conclusion, it was revealed that undergraduate medical students had suboptimal awareness on Basic Life Support. However, they seemed to cultivate a rather positive attitude towards the same. We recommend that early introduction of BLS training and regular reinforcement training to medical students is needed to improve students’ awareness towards BLS.
BLS/CPR, Awareness and Attitude, Experience, Questionnaire, Undergraduate Medical Students, Malaysia
Red cross.org (internet). Washington DC: American Red Cross; ©2019 American National Red Cross. Available from: https://www.redcross.org/local/washington-dc.html.
Berg RA, Hemphll R, Abella BS, Aufderheide TP, Cave DM, Hazinski MF, Lerner EB, Rea TD, Sayre MR, Swor RA. Part 5: Adult Basic Life Support: American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular care. Circulation. 2010 Nov; 122 (Suppl): S685-S705.
P. S. Philips and J. P. Nolan, “Training in basic and advanced life support in UK medical schools: Questionnaire survey,” British Medical Journal, vol. 323, no. 7303, 22-23, 2001.
F. Bhanji, A. J. Donoghue, M. S. Wolff et al., “Part 14: Education: 2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care,” Circulation, 2015 vol. 132, no. 18, S561-S573.
A. R. Aroor, R. P. Saya, N. R. Attar, G. K. Saya, and M. Pavinanthan, “Awareness about basic life support and emergency medical services and its associated medical factors among students in a tertiary care hospital in South India,” Journal of emergencies, Trauma and Shock, 2014 vol. 7, no. 3, 166-169.
Baker AB, Artificial respiration, the history of an idea, Med Hist 1971; 15: 336-46.
Tossach W, A man, dead in appearance, recovered by distending the lungs with air. In: Ruddimans, W, editors. Medical Essays and Observations, Edinburgh 1744; 5 (2): 605.
Hassan Zaheer, ZebaHaque. Awareness about BLS (CPR) among medical students: status and requirements. J Pak Med Assoc, 2009 Jan; 59 (1): 57-9 PubMed PMID: 19213385.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Statement by the Ad Hoc Committee on Cardiopulmonary resuscitation of the Division of Medical Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 1966 vol. 198, 372-379.
Guidelines for the provision of Anaesthetic services. Anaesthetic practice in respect of resuscitation. Royal college of Anaesthetist; 1999.
Freund Y, Duchateau FX, Baker EC, Goulet H, Carreira S, Schmidt M, et al. Self perception of knowledge and confidence in performing basic life support among medical students. Eur J Emerg Med 2013; 20: 145-6.
Mastoridis S, Shanmugarajah K, Kneebone R. Undergraduate education in trauma medicine: the students’ verdict on current teaching. Med Teach 2011; 33: 585-7.
Chojnacki P, Ilieva R, Kolodziej A, Krolikowska A, Lipka J, Ruta J. Knowledge of BLS and AED resuscitation algorithm amongst medical students—preliminary results. Anestezjol Intens Ter 2011; 43: 29-32.
Businger A, Rinderknecht S, Blank R, Merki L, Carrel T. Students’ knowledge of symptoms and risk factors of potential life threatening medical conditions. Swiss Med Wkly 2010; 140: 78-84.
Chandrasekaran S, Kumar S, Bhat SA, Kumar S, Shabbir PM, Chandrasekaran VP. Awareness of Basic Life Support among medical, dental and nursing students and doctors. Indian J Anaesth. 2010; 54 (2): 121-6.
S. Roshana, K. B. Batajoo, R. M. Piryani, and M. W. Sharma, “Basic life support: knowledge and attitude of medical/paramedical professionals,” World Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2012 vol. 3, 141–144.
V. Somaraj, P. S. Rekha, S. P. Ganesh et al., “Knowledge, attitude and anxiety pertaining to basic life support and medical emergencies among dental interns in Mangalore City, India,” World Journal of Emergency Medicine, 2017 vol. 8, no. 2, 131–135.
A. Almesned, A. Almeman, A. M. Alakhtar et al., “Basic Life Support Knowledge of Healthcare Students and Professionals in the Qassim University,” International Journal of Health Sciences, 2014 vol. 8, no. 2, 141–150.
Li Q, Ma EL, Liu J, Fang LQ, Xia T. Pre-training evaluation and feedback improve medical students’ skills in Basic Life Support. Med Teach. 2011; 33 (10): e549-e55 PubMed PMID: 21942491.
Ravari H, Abrishami M, Ghezel- Sofla M, Vahedian-Shahroodi M, Abrishami M. Knowledge of Iranian medical interns regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Trauma. Mon. 2012; 17 (1) 242-244.
S. Hamasu et. al. Resuscitation 80 (2009) 359-364. Effects of BLS training on factors associated with attitude towards CPR in college students. ©2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Hazim Raffaa, Ayman Al-Shahrani, Saad Shaker, Ahmed Awwadh, Abdull Mgeed Asiri, Hadeel Al-Sanamah; et al. Medical students’ Knowledge and Practices related to Basic Life Support. Med. J. Cairo Univ, Vol. 84, No. 1, 2016: 1383-1389.
O. Alotaibi, F. Alamri, L. Almufleh, and W. Alsougi. Basic life support: Knowledge and attitude among dental students and Staff in the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. Saudi Journal for Dental Research. 2016; vol. 7, 51–56.
N. C. Sangamesh, K. C. Vidya, Jugajyoti Pathi, and Arpita Singh. Awareness, Attitude, and Knowledge of Basic Life Support among Medical, Dental, and Nursing Faculties and Students in the University Hospital. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2017; 7 (4): 161–167. PubMed Central PMCID; PMC5558248.
Kumar HH, Upadhya SP, Ashok SP, Chowdari AG, Niranjan GM, Dinesh B. A cross sectional study on awareness and perception about basic life support/cardiopulmonary resuscitation among undergraduate medical students from coastal South India. Int J Med Public Health. 2013; 3: 146–50.
Carvalho RM, Costa LR, Marcelo VC. Brazilian dental students' perceptions about medical emergencies: A qualitative exploratory study. J Dent Educ. 2008; 72: 1343–9.
Roshana S, Kh B, Rm P, Mw S. Basic life support: Knowledge and attitude of medical/paramedical professionals. World J Emerg Med. 2012; 3: 141–5.
Narayan DP, Biradar SV, Reddy MT, Sujatha BK. Assessment of knowledge and attitude about basic life support among dental interns and postgraduate students in Bangalore City, India. World J Emerg Med. 2015; 6: 118–22. PubMed PMID: 26056542; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4458471.
Sharma R, Attar NR. Adult basic life support awareness and knowledge among medical and dental interns completing internship from deemed university. Nitte Univ J Health Sci. 2012; 2: 6–13.
Akpek A. Elif, Kayhan Zeynep. Knowledge of basic life support: a pilot study of the Turkish population by Baskent University in Ankara. Resuscitation. 2003; 58 (2): 187-92. PubMED PMID: 12909381.
Mohamed A. Seraj and Mohamed Naguib. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills of medical professionals. Rescuicitation. 20 1990; 20 (1): 31-9. PubMed PMID: 2171116.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved