Gender and Age Variation on the Prevalence of Staphylococcus Species from Clinical Isolates in Esan Land, Nigeria
This study examines the effect of gender and age differences on the distribution of Staphylococcus species (S . spp) among in and out patients of 3 health facilities in Esan, Nigeria. In a bid to achieve this objective, 863mid-stream urine of patients attending the Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Gilead Hospital Center, Ekpoma and Calvary Medical Centre, Ekpoma, were assessed for staphylococcus infection. The samples were retrospective specimens from male and female (15 to 60+years) during January and December, 2013. The results showed 406 samples (47.05%) were positive for Staphylococcus species isolates made up of 59.11% males and 40.89% females. S. aureus counted for 81.53% while S. saprophyticus and S. epidermidis accounted for 16.50% and 1.97% respectively. All the age groups were positive for S. aureus while ages ranging from 25 to 44 years were only positive for S. epidermidis in both gender. However, male within ages 55 and above and female between ages 50 and 54 were negative for S. saprophyticus. This study showed that there are age and gender variations in the distribution of Staphylococcus spp and that these factors could be considerable risk factors Staphylococcus infection treatments.
Age, Gender, Staphylococcus Species, Esan
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