Role of Community Pharmacist in Management of Anaemia
Anaemia is a condition in which number of RBC cells are decreased or oxygen carrying capacity of blood is reduced, i.e enough haemoglobin is not available to carry sufficient oxygen from the lungs to supply the needs of the tissues. Iron is an important essential element for almost all living organisms in various metabolic processes, including oxygen transport, synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), electron transport etc. Haematinics are the drugs which are commonly prescribed in the initial treatment of anaemia and also given during pregnancy and lactation phase. Various types of oral iron preparations (Tablets, syrups, capsules) are available in the market as single or fixed dose combination with other minerals, micronutrients etc. Bioavailability of oral iron preparations depends upon the type of dosage form, its dose, age, sex, food and liquids that are taken along with the iron supplements. Presence of minerals or vitamins in combination also influence the absorption of iron. The main objective of present paper is to elaborate the role of pharmacist in improving bioavailability of haematinics by educating the consumer in selecting right dosage form, right combination and right strength.
Anaemia, Iron Supplements, Microcytic Anaemia, Community Pharmacist
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