Aetiology of Congestive Heart Failure Among Paediatric Emergency Unit Admissions in a Tertiary Health Facility in Nigeria
Congestive heart failure is a cardiac emergency that is seen commonly among children with varying acute illnesses in the emergency room. Identifying the common illnesses that can present with congestive heart failure in a given environment would be a first step towards improved outcome. This study aim to determine the aetiologies and outcome of congestive heart failure among children admitted into the Emergency Paediatric Unit of Benue State University Teaching Hospital using a prospective study design. Children aged 1 month to 15 years old admitted into the emergency unit over a one year period with features of heart failure were recruited after identifying the causes of the heart failure with appropriate laboratory and imaging investigations. The data were analysed with Excel spreadsheet. Pneumonia was the most common cause of heart failure occurring in 9 (31.0%) children followed by anaemia, rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease and congenital heart disease in 7 (24.1%), 6 (20.7%), and 4 (13.8%) children respectively. Pneumonia was the major cause of congestive heart failure among the children, especially the infants and rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease remains an important contributor to morbidity in this study.
Aetiology, Congestive, Children, Emergency, Heart Failure, Nigeria
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