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Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Hypertensive Patients Attending a Specialist Clinic in Techiman, Ghana
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2016
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 15-20   |   Vol. 4, No. 4, August 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 70   Since Aug. 17, 2016 Views: 1997   Since Aug. 17, 2016
Authors
[1]
Emmanuel Acheamfour-Akowuah, Directorate of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
[2]
Isaac Kofi Owusu, Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; Directorate of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
[3]
Bernard C. Nkum, Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; Directorate of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
Abstract
Hypertension continues to emerge globally as one of the most dangerous cardiovascular disease risk factors. In developing countries, the prevalence of hypertension is increasing rapidly with varied clinical characteristics. This study was aimed to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of hypertensive patients attending a Specialist Clinic in Techiman, Ghana. Three hundred and forty two (342) hypertensive patients were selected using simple random sampling. Structured questionnaires were used to collect socio-demographic characteristics and clinical data of the study participants. The patients were aged between 23 - 79 years with the mean age (± SD) of 46.9 (± 12.1) years. There were more females (62.28%; n=213) than males (37.72%; n=129). The mean systolic blood pressure (± SD) and the mean diastolic blood pressure (± SD) were 138.69 (±32.18) and 92.29 (±18.54) respectively. The pulse rate ranged between 45-162 beats/minute with the mean pulse rate (± SD) of 80.40 (± 0.89) beats/minute. More than two-third (70.6%) of the patients were farmers (37.1%) and traders (33.5%). High body mass index (BMI) (64%), dyslipidaemia (48.8%), and diabetes mellitus (24.5%) were the most frequently reported cardiovascular risk factors among the hypertensive patients. In conclusion, the most common cardiovascular risk factors seen in hypertensive patients attending a Specialist Clinic in Techiman, Ghana were high BMI, dyslipidaemia and diabetes mellitus. Early detection and control of these risk factors is important in the prevention of target organ complications in hypertension.
Keywords
Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Diabetes Mellitus, Dyslipidaemia, BMI
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