The Association Between Alcoholic Consumption, Visual Acuity and Road Traffic Accident Among Okada Riders in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State
This study investigates the association between alcoholic consumption, visual acuity function and road traffic accident among Okada riders in Esan West Local Government Area of Edo State. It involves 150 commercial motor cycle riders in the study area. Following standard laboratory procedures and ethics, history of alcohol ingestion and road traffic accident were obtained and visual acuity was examined in each participant who gave informed consent. The result showed that majority of the Okada riders were between 20 and 30 years. Overall, 85.30%, 47.30% and 69.30% respectively reported the ingestion of alcohol, have had accidents and fell below normal range visual acuity. Accident correlates weakly with visual acuity (OR=0.67; X2 = 0.289) but strongly and significant with alcohol ingestion (OR = 2.75; X2 = 0.041). On the other hand, alcohol correlates strongly with poor visual acuity (OR = 2.54). The implication is that Okada riders with poor vision who ingest alcohol are over 2.5 times more likely to have accident compared to Okada riders with good vision. Our findings therefore indicate that poor visual acuity due to alcohol consumption is a risk factor for accidents among Okada riders in Ekpoma.
Alcohol Consumption, Commercial Motor Cycle Riders, Visual Acuity, Accident
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