The Effect of Beatamethasone Gel in Reducing Post Operative Sore Throat and Cough After Endotracheal Intubation in Khartoum Teaching Hospital in Sudan
Background: Sore throat and cough are common postoperative problems following the use of endotracheal intubation during general anesthesia. Objectives: To determine the effects of betamethasone gel in reducing postoperative sore throat and cough. Methodology: It was interventional, prospective, double-blind clinical trial and hospital based study, implemented during a time period of six month from (February till August 2012) in Khartoum Teaching Hospital. One hundred patients (ASA I-II) to undergo endo tracheal intubation, were randomly divided equally into two groups; 50 Case (Group A); 50 Controls (Group B). The tracheal tubes for Case Group A were filled with 0.05% betamethasone gel, and for the Control Group B with Normal saline. Patients were interviewed at end of procedures and 1, 6 and 24 hour after extubation. Results: The incidence and severity of sore throat and cough, at 1 and 24 hours postoperatively was reduced significantly in Case Group A (betamethasone gel). Conclusions: Betamethasone gel when was used for lubrication of endotracheal tubes pre-operatively, is qualitatively superior to normal saline for decreasing postoperative sore throat and cough.
Betamethasone Gel, Endotracheal Intubation, Postoperative, Sore Throat, Cough, Comparison
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