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Monitoring and Management of Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Schizophrenia- A Global Perspective: Rationale, Aims and Methods
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 1 (February)
Pages: 24-32   |   Vol. 2, No. 1, February 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 17   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1932   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Uwakwe Richard, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi-Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra, Nigeria.
[2]
Ramachandran Padmavati, Schizophrenia Research Foundation, Chennai,Tamilnadu, India.
[3]
De Hert Marc, Departement of Neuroscience, University Psychiatric Centre, KU Leuven, Belgium.
[4]
Hasnain Mehrul, Department of Psychiatry, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Shadman, Lahore Pakistan.
[5]
Vancampfort Davy, Departement of Neuroscience, University Psychiatric Centre, KU Leuven, Belgium.
[6]
Omoaregba Joyce, mergency & Assessment Unit, Dept. of Clinical Services, Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, BeninCity, Nigeria.
[7]
Mohammed Jidda, Research and Training Dept. Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Maiduguri, Nigeria.
[8]
Hjorth Peter, Psychiatric Research Unit, Aalborg Psychiatric Hospital, Denmark.
[9]
Modebe Ifeoma, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi-Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra, Nigeria.
[10]
Haider Imran, Department of Psychiatry, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Shadman, Lahore Pakistan.
[11]
Ogualili Placidus, Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi-Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra, Nigeria.
[12]
Haddad Peter, Neuroscience and Psychiatry Unit, University of Manchester, United Kingdom..
[13]
Jorgensen Povl, Department of Organic Psychiatric Disorders and Emergency Ward, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark.
[14]
Kilian Reinhold, Universität Ulm Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie II Sektion: Gesundheitsökonomie und Versorgungsforschung, Ludwig Heilmeyer-Str. Günzburg Deutschland.
[15]
Becker Thomas, Universität Ulm Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie II Sektion: Gesundheitsökonomie und Versorgungsforschung, Ludwig Heilmeyer-Str. Günzburg Deutschland.
[16]
Blankehorn Dorothea, Universität Ulm Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie II Sektion: Gesundheitsökonomie und Versorgungsforschung, Ludwig Heilmeyer-Str. Günzburg Deutschland.
Abstract
Background: The excess morbidity and mortality associated with schizophrenia is partly due to cardiovascular diseases resulting from the complex inter-relationships between unhealthy life style including, metabolic problems, and the metabolic risks associated with the use of psychotropic medications. The current project involves patients with schizophrenia, their informal care providers and the health professionals, who treat them. Aims; Our primary aim in the Monitoring and Management of Cardiovascular Risk factors In Schizophrenia (MOMACRIS) Project is to determine whether an integrated mental and physical health care approach that involves patients with schizophrenia, their informal care providers and the health professionals who treat them, would improve identification, management and outcome of cardio-metabolic risk factors in these patients. Methods; We assess the knowledge and attitude of patients, their informal care providers and health care professionals about general cardiometabolic risk factors and life style modification. We also assess the current cardiometabolic monitoring and management practices by the health care professionals who treat patients with schizophrenia and we identify any barriers that may be limiting what theses care professionals do. At baseline we assess the needs for improved cardiometbolic monitoring. Thereafter we carry on culturally-tailored psycho-educational based interventions directed at the patients with schizophrenia, their informal care providers and health care professionals following the baseline assessments of the identified needs for improved cardiometbolic monitoring. This will be achieved in an integrated collaborative effort between psychiatrists, psychologists, general/family physicians (or internists/endocrinologists), dieticians and physiotherapists. Conclusion; Morbidity and mortality from cardiometabolic risk in schizophrenia is higher than chance occurrence. Identification and management of these risk factors seem to be hampered by a number of barriers despite years of developing one guide line after another. There is need to re-evaluate the current knowledge, beliefs and practice of everyone concerned with schizophrenia.
Keywords
Schizophrenia, Cardiometabolic, Risk Factors, Monitoring, Management
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