Prevalence of Thyroid Dysfunction Among Type-2 Diabetes Patients in an Urban Diabetes Hospital, Bangladesh
Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is one of the leading endocrine disorders worldwide. Bangladesh has shown diabetes as a silent killer in adults. There is an established association between diabetes and thyroid disorder. The prevalence of thyroid disorders among diabetes patients is still not known. Objectives: To explore the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction among type-2 diabetes patients attending a specialist diabetes centre in urban Dhaka. Methods: A cross sectional study was performed. Two hundred and thirty two patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus came to the specialized diabetes centre between March and August 2014 and were enrolled for the study. All patients underwent a thyroid clinical and laboratory examination. Results: Prevalence rate of thyroid dysfunction was 10%. Females were found with higher rate of thyroid dysfunction (78.3%) with male (21.7%). The majority of the patients had diabetes for more than a five-year duration (52%). Patients aged between 41-50 years were found to be more affected with thyroid dysfunction (34.8%). Conclusions: The prevalence of thyroid disorder among female diabetes patients were higher. All patients had hypothyroidism. The approach of using a screen test to explore thyroid disorders was not effective, rather routine screening is recommended for all type 2 diabetes patients to reduce the burden of the disease.
Type- 2 Diabetes, Thyroid Dysfunction, Hypothyroidism
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