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A Review: Biodegradation of Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Current Issue
Volume 1, 2014
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 9-20   |   Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 30   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1758   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Shallu Sihag , Department of Biotechnology, JECRC University, Jaipur, India.
[2]
Hardik Pathak , Department of Biotechnology, JECRC University, Jaipur, India.
Abstract
In the whole environment the release of hydrocarbons whether it is accidentally or due to human activities is a main cause of water and soil pollution. These accidental oil spills can even cause damage to the sea and shoreline organisms. Throughout the world, due to the industrial revolution of petro-chemical related industries, refineries etc. various locations have been exposed to a variety of activities that have been resulted in marine and terrestrial environment being contaminated with persist petroleum hydrocarbons. This dramatic increase in production, refining and distribution of crude oil has brought with it an ever increasing problem of environmental pollution. Also, these pollutants present serious risks to human health and the environment as they are mutagenic and carcinogenic. Petroleum degrading hydrocarbons are widely spread organic pollutants and it becomes a challenge to make natural resources free from these hydrocarbons. Scientists have conducted research on cost-effective clean-up techniques with minimal long-term damage to the environment. Bioremediation offers an alternative method for detoxification of contaminant. The present investigation, focus on the general processes of bioremediation with in the soil environment and highlighting the biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons.
Keywords
Biodegradation, Poly Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Bioremediation, Petroleum Compounds Etc
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