Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Evidences of Neotectonic Activities as Reflected by Drainage Characteristics of the Mahananda River Floodplain and Its Adjoining Areas, Bangladesh
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2015
Issue 4 (July)
Pages: 61-70   |   Vol. 2, No. 4, July 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 47   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1873   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Bazlar Rashid, Geological Survey of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
[2]
Sultan-Ul-Islam , Department of Geology and Mining, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
[3]
Badrul Islam, Department of Geology and Mining, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Abstract
The drainage pattern in the Bengal Basin as a whole has been greatly controlled by the tectonic features of the basin. Considerable evidence of significant tectonic movements has been recorded within and along the boundary of the basin in Late Tertiary and the Quaternary times. This paper tried to unveiling the signatures of neotectonic activities in the Mahananda River floodplain and its surrounding areas with the help of drainage characteristics. To carry out this interpretation historical maps, satellite imagery and earthquake records were used. The interpretation implies that the area is being structurally controlled. Changing of river courses, shifting of rivers, restriction of the Punarbhaba, Tangon and Kulic River valleys against the comparatively narrow Mahananda River, abrupt change in the sinuosity of the Mahananda River at a particular area and presence of large number of depressions/sag ponds are clear indication of the structural control of the area. In the recent past few earthquakes occurred in this region which also supports the same view about neotectonics. All these features and evidences strongly support the structural control of the area.
Keywords
Mahananda River Floodplain, Drainage Characteristics, Neotectonics
Reference
[1]
Agarwal, P. N., 1986. A recent earthquake in Northeast India, Proceedings of 2nd International Seminar on Earthquake Prognostics. Berlin, Friedr, Vieweg & Sons.
[2]
Agarwal, R. P. and Bhoj, R., 1992. Evolution of Kosi fan, India: structural implications and geomorphic significance. International Journal of Remote Sensing v.13 (10), p.1891–1901.
[3]
Ahmad, F., 1963. Some observation on contemporary epeirogeny in the Indo-Gangetic valley. Records of the Geological Survey of India, v.92, p.205-224.
[4]
Akhter, S. H., and Huque, M. A., 2004. RIS (?) and its impact on Kaptai Hydroelectric Project: A shift in the conceptualistic model on the origin of the Barkal Earthquake, Bangladesh Journal of Geology, v.23, p.139-46.
[5]
Alam, M. K., Hassan, A. K. M. S., Khan, M. R., and Whitney, J. W., 1990. Geological Map of Bangladesh. Geological Survey of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Scale 1: 1 000 000.
[6]
Anon, 2015a. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2015_Nepal_earthquake.
[7]
Anon, 2015b. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-32492232.
[8]
Anon, 2015c. http://asc-india.org/seismi/seis-west-bengal.htm.
[9]
Anon, 2011a. “Jaypurhata Bhumikompon”, The Daily Prothom Alo, dated, July, 30, 2011, e-mail- anyaalo@prothom-alo.info., p.19.
[10]
Anon, 2011b. “Rajshahi o Ranghpur Bibhaga Bhumikompon Anubhuto”, The Daily Samakal, dated, July, 30, 2011, e-mail- www.samakal.net., p.19.
[11]
Bilham, R., and England, P., 2001. Lateau “pop-up’ in the great 1897 Assam earthquake. Nature, v.10, p.806-809.
[12]
Bilham, R., and Gaur, V. K., 2000. Geodetic contributions to the study of seismotectonics in India. Current Science, v.79(9), p.1259-269.
[13]
Bilham, R., Gaur, V. K. and Molnar, P., 2001. Himalayan seismic hazard. Science, v.293, p.1442-444.
[14]
Biswas, S. and Grasemann, B., 2005. Quantitative morphotectonics of the southern Shillong Plateau (Bangladesh/India). Austrian Journal of Earth Sciences, Vienna, v.97, p.82-93.
[15]
Bose, N., Ghosh, K. A. and Bhatt, G. A., 2009. Changing geomorphology of the Kosi River system in the Indian subcontinent. Paper presented in the Annual Meeting of Association of American Geographers, Las Vegas, USA, March 2009.
[16]
Bull, W. B., 1977. The alluvial fan environment. Prog. Phys. Geogr. v.1, p.222-270.
[17]
Burnett, A. W., Schumm, S. A., 1983. Alluvial river response to neotectonic deformation in Louisiana and Mississippi. Science, v.222, p.49–50.
[18]
Chen, W. P. and Molnar, P., 1990. Source parameters of earthquakes and intraplate deformation beneath the Shillong Plateau and northern Indo-Burman ranges. Journal of Geophysical Research, v.95 (B8), p.12527-12552.
[19]
Choudhury, J. R., 2008. Earthquake risk in Bangladesh and mitigatory measures, Bangladesh Eatrhquake Society, Dhaka-1212.
[20]
Dasgupta, S., Mukhopadhyay, M. and Nandy, D. R., 1987. Active transverse features in the central portions of the Himalaya. Tectonophysics, v.136, p.255-264.
[21]
DeBlieux, C., 1951. Photogeologic study in kent country, Texas. J., Oil Gas v.50, p.86.
[22]
DeBlieux, C., 1962., Photogeology in Lousiana coastal marsh and swamp, Gulf Coast Assoc. Geol. Soc. Trans,. v.12, p.231-241.
[23]
Ellis, M., Gomberg, J, and Schweig, E., 2001. Indian earthquake may serve as analog for New Madrid earthquakes, EOS Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 82(32).
[24]
Gee, E. R., 1934. The Dhubri Earthquake of July 8, 1930. Memoirs of Geological Survey of India, v.65(1), p.1-106.
[25]
Gregory, D. I. and Schumm, S. A., 1987. The effect of active tectonics on alluvial river morphology. In: (Richards, K. Ed.), River environment and Processes, Institute of British Geographers Special Publication, v. 18. Blackwell, New-York, p.41– 68.
[26]
GSI, 2000. Eastern Nepal Himalaya and Indo-Gangetic Plains of Bihar. In: (Narula, P.L., Acharyya, S.K., Banerjee, J. Eds.), Seismotectonics Atlas of India and Its Environs. Geological Survey of India, p.26-27.
[27]
Guha, D. K., 1978. Tectonic framework and oil and gas prospects of Bangladesh. In 4th Annual Conference Proceedings, Bangladesh Geological Society, p.65–76.
[28]
Hickin, E. J., 2003. Meandering channels. In: (Middleton, G. V. Ed.), Encyclopedia of Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. Kluwer Academic Pubs, p.430– 434.
[29]
Holbrook, J. and Schumm, S. A., 1999. Geomorphic and sedimentary response of rivers to tectonic deformation: a brief review and critique of a tool for recognizing subtle epeirogenic deformation in modern and ancient settings. Tectonophysics, v.305, p.287– 306.
[30]
Jain, V., and Sinha, R., 2005. Response of active tectonics on the alluvial Baghmati River, Himalayan foreland basin, eastern India. Elsevier, Geomorphology (www.elsevier.com/locate/geomorph), v.70, p.339-356.
[31]
Kamaluddin, A. F. M. and K. M. Rahman, 1985. The pattern of the structures of rural employment in Bangladesh – A study of the Thanas in Sirajganj. Geographical Essays, Inter India Publications, New Delhi.
[32]
Karunakaran, C. and Rao, A. R., 1976. Status of exploration for hydrocarbons in the Himalayan region-contributions to stratigraphy and structure. Miscellaneous Publication-Geological Survey of India, v.41 (5), p.1-66.
[33]
Khan, M. R., 2002. Plate Tectonics and Bangladesh. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh Science, Golden Jubilee Issue, Dhaka, Bangladesh, v.28(2), p.39–62.
[34]
Khandoker, R. A., 1989. Development of major tectonic elements of the Bengal Basin: a plate tectonic appraisal. Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research, v.7, p.221–232.
[35]
Krishnan, M. S., 1982. Geology of India and Burma, 6th Edition, CBS Publishers and Distributors, Madras, India, p.535.
[36]
Krisnaswamy, V. S., 1962. Significance of the Moradabad fault in the Indo-Gangetic Basin and other faults in the Sub-Himalaya in relation to the Ramganga River project. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium on Earthquake Engineering. University of Roorkee, Roorkee, p.411-422.
[37]
Leeder, M. R. and Jackson, J. A., 1993. The interaction between normal faulting and drainage in active extentional basins with examples from the western United States and central Greece: Basin Res., v.5, p.79-102.
[38]
Leopold, L. B. and Wolman, M. G., 1957. River channel patterns: braided, meandering and straight. US Geological Survey Professional Papers, v.282-B, p.39-85.
[39]
Marple, R. T. and Talwani, P., 2000. Evidences for a buried fault system in the Coastal Plain of the Carolinas and Virginia-Implications for neotectonics in the southeastern United States. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v.112, p.200–220.
[40]
Martin, S. and W. Szeliga, 2010. A catalog of felt intensity data for 570 earthquakes in India from 1636 to 2009. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v.100 (2), p.562-569.
[41]
Mazumdar, K., Sengupta, R. and Mishra, M. N., 2001. Neotectonism in Brahmaputra Valley, Assam. National Symposium on Role of Earth Sciences in Integrated Development and Related Societal Issues. Geological Survey of India, Special Publication 65, III, p.227-230.
[42]
Meijde, M., 2004. Tsunami in Asia: Cause, impact and prevention, ITC News. International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, The Netherlands, v.4, p.3-6.
[43]
Melton, F. A., 1959. Aerial photograph and structural geology. J. Geol. v.67, p.352-370.
[44]
Molnar, P., 1987. The distribution of intensity associated with the great 1897 Assam Earthquake and bounds on the extent of the rupture zone. Journal of the Geological Society of India, v.30(1), p.13-27.
[45]
Morgan, J. P. and McIntire, W. G., 1959. Quaternary Geology of the Bengal Basin, East Pakistan and India. Geological Society of America Bulletin, v.70, p.319-342.
[46]
Oldham, R. D., 1899. Report of the great earthquake of 12th June, 1897. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, v.29, p.379.
[47]
Oldham, T., 1882. The Cachar Earthquake of 10th January, 1869. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, v.19(1), p.88.
[48]
Ollier, C. D., 1981. Tectonics and Landform. Longman Group Limited, Harlow, England, p. 324.
[49]
Ouchi, S., 1985. Response of alluvial rivers to slow active tectonic movement. Geological Society of American Bulletin, v.96, p.504– 515.
[50]
Potter, P. E., 1978. Significance and origin of big rivers. J. Geol., v.86, p.13-33.
[51]
Priyadarshi, N., 2009. Sedimentation by Himalayan Rivers may cause Earthquakes and Land subsidence in Eastern India. Environment and Geology, Source. http://nitishpriyadarshi.blogspot.com/.
[52]
Rahim, M. A., 1982. Social and Cultural History of Bengali (In Bangla), Published by Bangla Academy, Dhaka, Bangladesh, p.526.
[53]
Reimann, K. U., 1993. Geology of Bangladesh. Gebruder Borntrager, Berlin, p.160.
[54]
Rao, M. B. R., 1973. The subsurface geology of the Indogangetic plains. Journal of the Geological Society of India, v.14, p.217-242.
[55]
Rennel, J., 1783. Rennell’s Bengal Atlas. Reproduced by Heliozencography at the survey of India offices, Calcutta, 1910.
[56]
Sastri, V. V., Bhandari, L. L., Raju, A. T. R. and Dutta, A. K., 1971. Tectonic framework and subsurface stratigraphy of the Ganga Basin. Journal of the Geological Society of India, v.12, p.223-233.
[57]
Schumm, S. A. and Galay, V. J., 1994. The River Nile in Egypt. In: (Schumm, S.A., Winkley, B.R. Eds.), The Variability of Large Alluvial Rivers. Am. Soc. Civil Engineers Press, NY, p.75– 100.
[58]
Schumm, S. A., Dumont, J. F. and Holbrook, J. M., 2000. Active tectonics and alluvial rivers, Cambridge University Press, p. 276.
[59]
Seeber, L, and Armbruster, J. G., 1981. Great detachment earthquakes along the Himalayan arc and long term forecasting in earthquake prediction. An International Review Maurice Ewing Series, American Geophysical Union, Washington D. C., v.4, p.259-277.
[60]
Seeber, L. and Gornitz, V., 1983. River profiles along the Himalayan arc as indicators of active tectonics. Tectonophysics, v.92, p.335-367
[61]
Sesoren, A., 1984. Geological interpretation on landsat imagery of the Bangladesh Ganges Delta. ITC Journal, v.3, p.229–232.
[62]
Singh, I. B. and Bajpai, V. N., 1989. Significance of syndepositional tectonics in the facies development of the Gangetic alluvium Uttar Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, v.31, p.61-66.
[63]
Singh, I. B. and Ghosh, D. K., 1994. Geomorphology and neotectonic features of Indo-Gangetic plain. In: (Dikshit, K. R., Kale, V. S., Kaul, M. N. Eds.), India: Geomorphic Diversity. Rawat Publications, Jaipur, India, p.270-286.
[64]
Singh, I. B. and Rastogi, S. P., 1973. Tectonic framework of Gangetic alluvium, with special reference to Ganga River in Uttar Pradesh. Current Science, v.42, p.305-307.
[65]
Singh, I. B., 1996. Geological evolution of Ganga plain - An overview. Journal of Palaentological Society of India, v.41, p.99-137.
[66]
Sinha-Roy, S., 2001. Neotectonic significance of longitudinal river profiles: an example from the Banas drainage basin, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, v.58 (2), p.143–156.
[67]
Stevens, G. R., 1974. Rugged landscape, the geology of central New Zealand, A. H. and A. W. Reed, Wellington, p.286.
[68]
Stuart, M., 1920. The Srimnagol earthquake of 8th July, 1918. Memoirs of Geological Survey of India, v. 46(1).
[69]
Valdiya, K. S. and Rajagopalan, G., 2000. Large palaeolakes in Kaveri basin in Mysore Plateau: Late Quaternary fault reactivation. Current Science, v.78 (9), p.1138–1142.
[70]
Valdiya, K. S., 1976. Himalayan transverse faults and folds and their parallelism with subsurface structures of north Indian Plains. Tectonophysics, v.32, p.353-386.
[71]
Valdiya, K. S., 1999. Why does river Brahmaputra remain untamed? Current Science, v.76 (10), p.1301–1305.
[72]
Wallace, R. E., 1967. Notes on stream channels offset by the San Andreas Fault, southern Coast Ranges, California, Stanford Univ. Publ. Geol. Sci., v.11, p. 6-20.
[73]
Wells. N. A., and J. A., Door, Jr., 1987. Shifting of the Kosi River, northern India. Geology, v.15, p.204–207.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved