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Household Water Security in Rural Communities of South West Nigeria: A Case Study of Itagunmodi, Atakunmosa West L.G.A, Osun State, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 73-80   |   Vol. 5, No. 3, September 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 24   Since Oct. 26, 2018 Views: 917   Since Oct. 26, 2018
Authors
[1]
Ayodeji Bidemi Bakare, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[2]
Olusegun Afolabi, Department of Family, Nutrition, and Consumer Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[3]
Albert Ayorinde Abegunde, Urban and Regional Planning Department, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[4]
Saanu Emmanuel Kosemani, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Studies, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Abstract
The study examined household water security in Itagungumodi, Atakunmosa West L.G.A, Osun State, Nigeria. The sources of available water, the reliability of the sources, distance from house to the sources and time taken to fetch water and return to the house from the source of water in the study area were accessed. A structured questionnaire was applied to interview the household heads selected by multistage sampling technique to ascertain sources of available water, the reliability of the sources, distance from house to the sources and time taken to fetch water and return to the house from the source. A cross-sectional descriptive study was employed to assess 157 selected households from seven settlements out of a total 36 settlements in the study area. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain information from the household heads. Data obtained were subjected to appropriate descriptive and inferential statistical methods, using SPSS version 16:00. The results revealed that undeveloped stream was the most commonly used source (33.8%) of water in the study area. Majority of households (55.4%) got their potable water from within 100m and most people spent between 10 to 19 minutes to get their water from the sources. The distance to sources of water and taste are significant in determining their main sources of potable water (p-value=0.001 and p=0.01 respectively). The result further showed that educational status influences the choice of respondents’ sources of water (χ2 =0.007, p= 44.583). The study conclude that the distance of the respondents’ homes to their sources of water as well as the taste of the water were the physical factors that influence their choice of water sources; this is found to be statistically significant. It is therefore recommended that more improved sources of water such as piped water in-house should be made available to households in the study area to improve access to water for all household uses.
Keywords
Household, Water Security, Settlement, Drinking Water
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