Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
BRICS Challenges: Economic Position, Tourism and Environmental
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 3 (September)
Pages: 64-72   |   Vol. 5, No. 3, September 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 14   Since Oct. 26, 2018 Views: 941   Since Oct. 26, 2018
Doaa Mohamed Salman Abdou, Department of Economics, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Giza, Egypt.
Nadeen Sherif El Adawy, Department of Economics, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Giza, Egypt.
This paper compares Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS) by over viewing various aspects answering the question of whether there is a relation between economic growth, tourism and environmental conditions of a country. First, we review the literature concerning the tragedy of common resources by analysing and criticizing Hardin article “The tragedy of the commons”. The literature emphasises on the negative impacts of tourism on the environment and how that affects the country common resources in each country. Last but not least, a comparison between the five countries of BRICS by overlooking the economic position, importance of tourism, role of tourism and the major environmental issues of each country and their consequences. It was concluded that all the countries in BRICS are showing positive economic growth and tourism plays a role in that and it is predicated that they will have a massive economic power over the world, however the countries suffer from vital environmental issues. India, China and South Africa are the lowest three countries in BRICS in terms of environmental quality and pollution.
BRICS, Economic Position, Tourism, Environmental Position
EPI. (2018). 2018 Environmetal Performance Index. Yale University.
GhulamRabbany, M., Afrin, S., Rahman, A., Islam, F., & Hoque, F. (2013). Environmental effcts of tourism. American Journal of Environment, Energy and power rechearch, 1 (7), 117-130.
Hardin, G. (1968). The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, 162, 1243-1248.
Lemma, A. F. (2014). Tourism Impacts: Evidence of Impacts on employment, gender, income. 1-22.
Lloyd, W. F. (1833). Two lectures on the checks to population. Delivered before the University of Oxford. Michaelmas: JH Parker.
OECD. (2018). OECD Economic Surveys Brazil. OECD, 1-57.
Sunlu, U. (2003). Environmental impacts of tourism. In conference on relationships between global trades and local resources in the Mediterranean Region, 263-270.
Swaniti Initiative. (2017). Air Pollution in India Impact, policy analysis and remedial measures by governments. Retrieved from www.swaniti.in
WTTC. (2017). Travel & Tourism Economic Impact 2017 Brazil. WORLD TRAVEL & TOURISM COUNCIL, 1-17.
WTTC. (2018). Travel & Tourism economic impact 2018 India. World Travel and tourism council.
WTTC. (2018). TRAVEL & TOURISM ECONOMIC IMPACT 2018 RUSSIAN FEDERATION. World Travel and Tourism Council.
WTTC. (2017). Travel and Tourism Economic impact 2017 China. World Travel and Tourism Council.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved