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Determination of the Amino Acids and Fatty Acids Composition of Blubberlip Snapper (Lutjanus rivulatus)
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2018
Issue 2 (March)
Pages: 23-27   |   Vol. 3, No. 2, March 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 23   Since Sep. 13, 2018 Views: 981   Since Sep. 13, 2018
Authors
[1]
Gabadage Dona Thilini Madurangika Jayasinghe, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL), National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA), Craw Island, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
[2]
Bedigama Kankanamge Kolita Kamal Jinadasa, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL), National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA), Craw Island, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
[3]
Hikkaduwa Mohandiramlage Palitha Kithsiri, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory (ACL), National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA), Craw Island, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
Abstract
Blubberlip Snapper (BLS, Lutjanus rivulatus) are the reef-associated high commercial value fish species in Sri Lanka. Twenty amino acids (mg/kg) and seventeen fatty acids (% of the lipid fraction) were analyzed of the edible muscle portion in 18 individual BLS. The average length and weight of the female and male fish were significantly different (p<0.05). The female had higher amino acid content than male, and the most abundant essential amino acid (EAA) in the female was L-phenylalanine (1,787.50±43.57) mg/kg, while L-histidine (656.59±40.72 mg/kg) and L-lysine (644.92±21.70) mg/kg were major EAA found in the male fish. BLS has a considerable amount of sulfur-containing the amino acid, L-methionine (male-(135.11±0.88) mg/kg, female-(135.72±1.34) mg/kg) in their protein. In the lipid fraction, most abundant fatty acids were; C16:00, C18:00, C18:1 (n-9), C22:6 (n-3) and C20:4 (n-6). The total of saturated (SFAs), monounsaturated (MUFAs) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) were 50.44%, 22.29%, 24.19% for male and 48.67%, 23.27%, 23.82% for female respectively. The PUFA:SFA ratio was equal to 0.48 for male and 0.49 for females and the omega-3:omega-6 ratio equal to 0.86 for male and 1.05 for female. It can be concluded that these fish are the potential source of amino acids and fatty acids and good food fish found in Sri Lanka.
Keywords
Blubberlip Snapper, Amino Acids, Fatty Acids, Food Fish
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