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Qualitative and Quantitative Phytochemical Screening of Mimoso Pudica Plant Extracts (Touch Me Not)
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 2 (April)
Pages: 8-16   |   Vol. 2, No. 2, April 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 94   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 2304   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
I. Ibrahim D., Department of Biology, Zamfara State College of Education Maru, PMB 1002, Maru, Zamfara State, Nigeria.
[2]
I. Muhammad, Department of Chemistry, Zamfara State College of Education Maru, PMB 1002, Maru, Zamfara State, Nigeria.
[3]
S. Ashiru, Department of Biology, Zamfara State College of Education Maru, PMB 1002, Maru, Zamfara State, Nigeria.
[4]
I. Sani, Department of Chemistry, Zamfara State College of Education Maru, PMB 1002, Maru, Zamfara State, Nigeria.
[5]
K. Shehu, Department of Biological Science, Usmanu Dan Fodiyo University Sokoto PMB 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria.
[6]
A. A. Aliero, Department of Biological Science, Usmanu Dan Fodiyo University Sokoto PMB 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria.
[7]
R. U. Aliyu, Department of Biochemistry, Usmanu Dan Fodiyo University Sokoto PMB 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria.
Abstract
The present research was carried out to evaluate the phytochemical constituent of aqueous, ethanol and methanol extracts of the leaf, stem and the mixture of the leaf and stem of Mimosa pudica plant. The phytochemical screening which involves both the qualitative and quantitative analysis revealed the presence of secondary metabolites; alkaloids, tannins, glycosides, terpenes, flavonoids and volatile oils in all the three extracts evaluated. There was absence of steroids, anthaquinone and anthaquinone glycosides in the leaf extracts of M. pudica. The leaf extract of M. pudica in ethanol showed no presence of saponins and triterpenoids From the results of Quantitative Phytochemical screening, there were significant differences (P<0.05) in the tannins, glycosides and alkaloids content of the leaf, stem and mixture of leaf and stem. The content of flavonoid was higher in the mixture (10 g %) compared to the leaf (9g %) and stem (8g %), while values for saponin was higher in the stem (1.55g %) compared to the mixture (0.35g %) and leaf (1.30g %) respectively. The result further showed that, the leaf contains much quantity of tannins (4.41g %), total glycosides (0.32g %), and alkaloids (0.40g %), except saponins, which is presence in large quantity in stem with (1.55g %) than the either the leaves (1.30g %) and mixture of leaves and stem (1.35g %). This might be the reason why the leaf shows much activity in aqueous, ethanol and methanol solvents against Trichophyton verrocuson,T. mentagrophyte, Microsporum nanum, and Aspergillus flavus than the stem and the mixture of leaves and stem. The results as indicated above disclose the scientific basis for the traditional uses of M. Pudica. Finally, the study recommend the isolation of these metabolites using highly purify methods in other to obtain their maximum therapeutic potentials.
Keywords
Mimosa pudica, aqueous extract, ethanol extract, methanol extract, Qualitative, Quantitative Phytochemical Screening
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