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Nutritional, Anti-nutritional and Phytochemical Profile of the Leaves and Fruits of Synsepalum dulcificum (Schumach. & Thonn.) Daniell
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 3 (June)
Pages: 53-59   |   Vol. 7, No. 3, June 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 39   Since Jun. 27, 2019 Views: 1168   Since Jun. 27, 2019
Authors
[1]
Olamilekan Lanre Awotedu, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
[2]
Paul Oluwatimilehin Ogunbamowo, Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Jericho Hills, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Abstract
Synsepalum dulcificum (Sapotaceae) also known as a miracle berry is an evergreen shrub that is native to tropical West Africa. This berry has an attribute of modifying sour taste into a sweet taste. This study investigated the nutritional, anti-nutritional and phytochemical compositions of the leaves and whole fruit of Synsepalum dulcificum. Proximate composition (moisture content, crude protein, fats, crude fiber, carbohydrate and ash content); Mineral composition (calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, zinc, iron, copper and manganese); Anti-nutritional factors (oxalate, phytate, nitrate) and Qualitative and Quantitative phytochemicals assays (flavonoids, phenol, alkaloids, saponin, glycoside and tannin) were determined using standard methods. Results shows the following trend for Proximate composition: carbohydrate (40.38 and 17.44)%, crude fiber (17.58 and 3.63)%, crude protein (8.42 and 10.26)%, ash content (2.87 and 3.95)%, crude fat (1.97 and 2.32)% and moisture content (28.78 and 62.40)%; Mineral content: macronutrient - calcium (4100 and 1395) mg/kg, magnesium (300.8 and 2678.8) mg/kg, potassium (2500 and 2900) mg/kg, sodium (1986 and 1531) mg/kg, micronutrients - zinc (52 and 17) mg/kg, iron (243 and 102) mg/kg, copper (48 and 89) mg/kg, manganese (44 and 34) mg/kg; Anti-nutrients: oxalate (31.5 and 28.5) mg/100g, phytate (59.9 and 34.7) mg/100g, nitrate (180 and 95) mg/100g; Phytochemicals: alkaloid (0.90 and 1.37)%. flavonoids (0.12 and 0.58)%, cardiac glycosides (0.06 and 0.14)%, tannins (0.65 and 0.34)%, phenol (0.147 and 0.231)% and anthraquinones (0.006 and Not Detected)% for the leaves and whole fruits respectively. S. dulcificum, leaves, and whole fruit could potentially be a good source of nutrients with minimal levels of anti-nutritional factors thus, safe for human consumption.
Keywords
Synsepalum dulcificum, Proximate, Anti-nutrition, Mineral Elements, Phytochemicals
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