Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs) as a Means of Livelihood and Safety Net Among the Rurals in Nigeria: A Review
Non-timber forest products are an important part of the benefits derived from Forests in Developed and developing countries. Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) which play an important role in sustaining livelihoods of communities living around forest areas have been given minimum attention regardless of its contribution to the livelihoods, capacity to generate employment opportunities, as well as offering greater prospects for NTFP based enterprises. This review, therefore, highlighted benefits from its direct provisioning to households and the economy. NTFP based enterprises in Nigeria benefits both the rural and urban people, so the promotion of sustainable use of NTFPs could lead to a win-win situation for poverty reduction and biodiversity conservation. Several findings revealed that adult, mostly females, middle aged with sufficient energy are involved in gathering and marketing of NTFPs. This therefore, gives rise to the need for inclusion and encouragement of women and youth to be more involved in NTFP based enterprises with appropriate regulations in place. In approaching the NTFP regulation, it is important for the Government to take into considerations the financial, environmental, ecological and social costs and benefits of such actions, capacity of the government in implementing the actions and the likelihood of compliance by the relevant stakeholders.
Non Timber Forest Products, Improved Livelihood, Safety Net, Non Timber Forest Product Trade
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