Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Crop Diversification Analysis at the Farm Level: Empirical Evidence from Different Regions of Uzbekistan
Current Issue
Volume 9, 2021
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 9-14   |   Vol. 9, No. 1, March 2021   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 86   Since Aug. 9, 2021 Views: 743   Since Aug. 9, 2021
Primov Abdulla, International Agricultural Economics, Tashkent State Agrarian University (TSAU), Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
Rustamova Iroda, Agrobusiness and Innovation Activity Department, Tashkent State Agrarian University (TSAU), Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
In Uzbekistan, land is more appropriate for cultivating fruits and vegetables. Since independence, the government of Uzbekistan has implemented a number of agricultural policies such as making some crucial structural reforms at the farms, comprising different institutions and enhancing diversification of agricultural production in order to stabilize on agricultural sector of the country. Therefore, crop diversity has an important role in sustainable agriculture. The main purpose of the study is to examine the degree of crop diversification among farmers. We calculated the diversification index based on the Simpson Diversity Index method. The study revealed the mean computed Simpson Index values indicate that diversity index was found 0.59, 0.45, 0.56 and 0.62 for Andijan, Karakalpakstan, Kashkadarya and Tashkent regions, respectively. This implies that Tashkent region farmers shifted towards more diversification cropping patterns than other counterparts of the country. The overall result in the four states combined in this study reveals a mean Simpson Index within the sample of farmers was 0.56. This suggests that the farmers in the study areas were not too diversified in their cropping pattern. While cultivating several crop species also helps the farmers to manage both price and production risks which attains more food options for the household and income through marketing the produce from the surpluses.
Crop Diversification, Simpson Diversification Index, Cropping Patterns, Uzbekistan
FAO News (2019). http://www.fao.org/europe/news/detail-news/en/c/1177059/ Accessed on: 14.07.2020.
ADB (2019). Completion Report, Uzbekistan: Innovations for Agriculture Modernization.
FAO (2017). “Country programming framework for the Republic of Uzbekistan 2014-2017”.
Hasanov, S., Mirza, N. A. (2011). Agricultural efficiency under resources scarcity in Uzbekistan: A Data Envelopment Analysis. Business and Economic Horizons, 4 (1), 81-87.
Hasanov, Sh. (2016): Agricultural policies to enhance the development of fruit and vegetable subsectors in Uzbekistan. European Scientific Journal, vol. 12 (13), May 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n13p469.
Djumaboev K, Hamidov A, Anarbekov O, Gafurov Z and Tussupova K. (2017). Impact of Institutional Change on Irrigation Management: A Case Study from Southern Uzbekistan. Water 2017, 9 (6), 419, doi: 10.3390/w9060419 http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/9/6/419.
Nurbekov, A., Aksoy, U., Muminjanov H., Shukurov, A. (2018): Organic agriculture in Uzbekistan: Status, practices and prospects. FAO, Tashkent.
Hasanov, Sh., Ahrorov, F. (2013): Uzbeki¬stan’s Agriculture Status Quo, Challenges and Policy Suggestions. International Conference and Young Researchers Forum-Natural Resource Use in Central Asia: Institutional Challenges and the Contribution of Capacity Building (No. 189913). University of Giessen (JLU Giessen), Center for In¬ternational Development and Environmental Research.
Sanaev, G., Kim K. (2017): Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Tomato Production in Samarkand region, Uzbekistan. JRSD-26, 246-271.
Decree of Republic of Uzbekistan. PD-4946, 2017. “National Development Strategy for 2017-2021”. Collection of low documents Republic of Uzbekistan. National database of legislations Republic of Uzbekistan, www.lex.uz.
Ahmadzai, H. (2018). “Status, Patterns, and Microeconomic Drivers of the Extent of Diversity in Crop Production: Evidence from Afghanistan”. School of Economics, University of Nottingham, CREDIT Research Paper 17/07.
Karimov, A. (2013): Productive Efficiency of Potato and Melon Growing Farms in Uzbekistan: A Two Stage Double Bootstrap Data Envelopment Analysis. Agriculture 2013, 3, 503-515; doi: 10.3390/agriculture3030503.
Dagar, V., Jit, P., Bhattacharjee, M., Lochav, M. (2018): An analysis of income from crop diversification in Haryana. Indian Journal of Economics and Development. Vol 6 (11), November 2018.
Saraswati, P., Bhat, A. (2011): Crop Diversification in Karnataka: An Economic Analysis. Agricultural Economics Research Review Vol. 24 December 2011, 351-357.
Bobojonov, I., Lamers, J. P. A., Bekchanov, M., Djanibekov, N., Franz-Vasdeki, J., Ruzimov, J., & Martius, C. (2013). Options and constraints for crop diversification: A case study in sustainable agriculture in Uzbekistan. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 37 (7), 788-811. http://doi.org/10.1080/21683565.2013.775539.
Bobojonov, I. (2008). Modeling crop and water allocation under uncertainty in irrigated agriculture: A case Study on the Khorezm Region, Uzbekistan, Ph.D. Thesis. Bonn University, Bonn, Germany.
Hasanov, Sh., G, Sanayev. (2018): Non-farm employment trends and policy in rural areas of Samarkand region (Uzbekistan). Discussion Paper, #176. IAMO, Germany.
Conrad, C.; Löw, F.; Lamers, J. P. A. (2017): Mapping and assessing crop diversity in the irrigated Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan. Appl. Geogr. 2017, 86, 102–117.
Begdullayeva, T., Kienzler, K. M., Kan, E. et al (2007). Response of Sorghum bicolor varieties to soil salinity for feed and food production in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan. Irrig Drainage Syst 21, 237–250 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10795-007-9020-8.
Rudenko I., Nurmetov K., Lamers J. P. A. (2012) State Order and Policy Strategies in the Cotton and Wheat Value Chains. In: Martius C., Rudenko I., Lamers J., Vlek P. (eds) Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums. Springer, Dordrecht. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-1963-7_22.
Misirova S. A. 2015. Systematic Types of Fungi of Allocated and Determined Types from Decorative Flowers in Conditions Region Tashkent. Agricultural Sciences, 06, 1387-1392. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.611134.
Cutforth, L. B., Francis, C. A., Lynne, G. D., Mortensen, D. A., & Eskridge, K. M. (2001). Factors affecting farmers’ crop diversity decisions: An integrated approach. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 16 (04), 168.
Singh, N. P., Ranjit Kumar, Made O. A. Manikmas, Bambang Sayaka, Ketut Kariyasa, Lara Marie M. De Villa, Fezoil Luz C. Decena, and Rogelio N. (2002); Concepcion. n.d. UNESCAP-CAPSA CAPSA Working Papers.
Hitayezu, P., Zegeye, E. W., & Ortmann, G. F. (2016). Farm-level crop diversification in the Midlands region of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa: patterns, microeconomic drivers, and policy implications. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 40 (6), 553–582.
Adjimoti, G. O., & Kwadzo, G. T. M. (2018). Crop diversification and household food security status: Evidence from rural Benin. Agriculture and Food Security, 7 (1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40066-018-0233-x.
Aheibam, Monika, Ram Singh, S. M. Feroze, N. Uttam Singh, R. J. Singh, and A. K. Singh. (2017). “Identifying the Determinants and Extent of Crop Diversification at Household Level: An Evidence from Ukhrul District, Manipur.” Economic Affairs 62 (1): 89.
Abdullaev, I., De Fraiture, C., Giordano, M., Yakubov, M., & Rasulov, A. (2009). Agricultural water use and trade in Uzbekistan: Situation and potential impacts of market liberalization. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 25 (1), 46-63. http://doi.org/10.1080/07900620802517533.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved