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Impact of Women Wage Segregation on Economic Growth: Evidence from Brazil, Egypt and Jordan
Current Issue
Volume 6, 2018
Issue 4 (December)
Pages: 110-118   |   Vol. 6, No. 4, December 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 13   Since Oct. 26, 2018 Views: 105   Since Oct. 26, 2018
Authors
[1]
Doaa Salman Abdou, Department of Economics, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Giza, Egypt.
[2]
Nadine Mostafa Kamel, Department of Economics, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Giza, Egypt.
Abstract
This research analysis studies and outlines the statistical data regarding the female labor force the female labor trends in three countries, Egypt, Jordan & Brazil. The three countries chosen provide a diverse comparative analysis with Egypt being the lowest developed country and Brazil being the highest developed country; this assists in the decision making or policy making procedure in reaching a macro economic framework with the least amount of errors and inaccurate forecasts. The paper then analyzes and compares these labor trends whilst investigating the severity of wage segregation and wage discrimination in the countries thus the effects it has on the gender gap in the labor force; this is how we reach an efficient regulatory policy framework. Nevertheless, the aim of this research is to provide policies and reforms effective immediately for a future that will enhance female labor participation rates. Statistically, we want to increase the female labor force participation rates (FLFPR) especially in the MENA region countries. Conceptually, we want to reach solutions for the female labor force in each of the stated countries as to implement and adopt policies in which foster women participation and decrease wage segregation.
Keywords
Feminization, Wage Segregation, Economic Growth
Reference
[1]
Spierings, N., Smits, J. (2007). Women’s Labor Market Participation in Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Syria, & Tunisia: A three-level analysis. IZA-World Bank Conference on Employment and Development.
[2]
Woetzel, J. et al (2015). The Power of Parity: How Advancing Woman Equality can add $12 Trillion to Global Growth. McKinsey Global Institute.
[3]
Chamlou, N., Muzi, S., Ahmed, H. (2011) Understanding the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in the Middle East and North Africa Region: The Role of Education and Social Norms in Amman. Alma Laurea Working Paper no. 31.
[4]
Moghadam, V. (1990) Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in the Middle East and North Africa. World Institute for Development Economics Research of the United Nations University WP85.
[5]
Hendy, R. (2015). Women’s Participation in the Egyptian Labor Market: 1998-2012. Economic Research Forum: Working Paper Series No. 907.
[6]
Assaad, R. El-Hamidi, F. (2009) Women in the Egyptian Labor Market: An Analysis of Developments, 1988-2006. In the Egyptian Labor Market Revisited. Pp. 219-257.
[7]
Poortman, C. (2005). The Economic Advancement of Women in Jordan: A Country Gender Assessment. World Bank.
[8]
Hendy, R., Assad, R., Yassin, S. (2012). Gender and the Jordanian Labor Market. Economic Research Forum: Working Paper Series. No. 701.
[9]
Madalozzo, R. (2009) Market and Home Production: Gender Differences in Brazil. Insper Working Paper 168/2009.
[10]
Belke, M. Bolat, S. (2016). The Panel Data Analysis of Female Labor Participation and Economic Development Relationship in Developed & Developing Countries. The Economic Research Gaurdian. Vol. 6 (2).
[11]
Cakir, O. (2008). The Relationship between Economic Development and Female Labor Force Participation within the Framework of U-Shaped Hypothesis: Evidence from Turkey.
[12]
Lechman, E. (2014) Female Labor Force Participation and Economic Growth. Re-Examination of U-Shaped Curve.
[13]
Mehtap, S., Jayyousi, Y., Gammoh, N., Al Haj, A. (2016) Factors Affecting Women’s Participation in the Jordanian Workforce. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity. Vol. 6, No. 10.
[14]
The Global Gender Gap Report (2016). World Economic Forum.
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