Impact of National Fadama III Development Project in Alleviating Poverty of Food Crop Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria
The study was conducted to examine the impact of National Fadama III Development Project on poverty status of households of participating food crop farmers in Abia state, Nigeria, with specific objectives to: determine and compare poverty levels among Fadama III and non-Fadama III participating food crop farmers and determine effects of Fadama III programme on participant’s farm income, farm output, farm size, labour and fertilizer use levels. Multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 360 respondents consisting of 180 Fadama III food crop farmers and 180 non-Fadama III food crop farmers in the three agricultural zones of the state. Instrument used for data collection was a pretested semi-structured questionnaire used in a cross-sectional survey. Data gathered were analyzed descriptively with mean, frequency distributions and inferentially with head count ratios on poverty indices and paired t-test. The result of the analyses showed that poverty incidence was 0.481 for Fadama III food crop farmers and 0.552 for non-Fadama III food crop farmers. The poverty gap was 0.347 for Fadama III food crop farmers and 0. 425 for non-Fadama III food crop farmers. The paired t-test indices showed that national Fadama III Programme impacted positively and significantly on farmer participant’s income and farm size at 5.0% level of significance. Increased funding of agriculture through groups such as Fadama groups would truly empower farmers to venture into new areas of investments including product processing and packaging to add value which would lead to increased net returns and reduction of household poverty level.
Fadama III, Farmers, Food Crop, Community Driven Development, Poverty
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