Land Use Intensification Pattern among Rural Farming Household in the Derived Savannah Agro Ecologies in Southwestern Nigeria
This study was carried out to determine the impact of the land-use intensification pattern among farmers in the derived savanna agro ecologies in Southwest Nigeria. The methodologies employed include the use of primary data and multi-stage clusters sampling techniques to select 144 respondents and were interviewed with well structured questionnaires. The analytical techniques used include descriptive statistics and inferential tools. The results show that majority (74%) of the farmers were males while 25% were females. Also, about 95% were married, and the average age of the farmers was 52 with years of farming experience estimated at 28years. Average size of total land holding was 10.23ha and there was no significant difference between the total size of land holding in the selected villages. Majority of the farmers (66%) are indigenes while 34% were non-indigenes. The vast dependence on farming by majority of the farmers was however justified with an average monthly income of N36, 596.15 which was higher than the estimated average monthly non-farm income of N15,666.67. Therefore, soil fertility depletion is possible under high land-use intensity and there is need to supplement available soil nutrient with fertilizer application to boost agricultural productivity.
Land Use, Intensification, Farming Household, Derived Savannah, Southwestern Nigeria
Henao, J., and C.A. Baanante. (2006). Agricultural Production and Soil Nutrient Mining in Africa. Summary of IFDC, Muscle Shoals, Alabama, U.S.A.
Li, M., J. J Wu, X. Deng (2013): “Identifying Drivers of Land Use Change in China: A Spatial Multinomial Logit Model Analysis.” Land Economics 89 (November): 632-654.
Makinde, E. A., Saka, J. O. and Makinde, J. O. (2007): Economic evaluation of soil fertility management options on cassava-based cropping systems in the rain forest ecological zone of south western Nigeria. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 2(1), pp. 007-013, January, 2007
Okoruwa, V.O., Ogundele, O. O. and Oyewusi, B. O. (2006) Efficiency and productivity of farmers in Nigeria: a study of rice farmers in North Central Nigeria. Poster paper prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Gold Coast, Australia, August, 12-18 2006.
Olayide, S.O. and A.O. Falusi, (1977). Economics of soil conservation and management in the tropics. In: D.J. Greenland et al. (Eds). Soil conservation and management in the tropics. A Wiley Interscience Publication, Churchester.
Olayide, O. E., Alene, A. D., and Ikpi, A., (2009) Determinant of Fertilizer Use in Northern Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of social science 6(2): 91-98. Medwell Publishing.
Okuneye R.A. (2002) “Rising Cost of food prices and Food insecurity in Nigeria and its Implication for poverty Reduction”. CBN Economic and Financial Review.
Saka J.O., Okoruwa V O., Oyekale A. S., and Oni O. A (2011): The Structure and Determinants of Land use Intensity among Food Crop Farmers in Southwestern Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Science. 3(1).
Yusuf, T.M, Okunmadewa, F.Y., Adenegan, K.O. and Oyekale, A.S. (2010): Productivity of women farmers in the derived savannah zone of Nigeria: Panacea to food crisis. Journal of Research in National Development. 8(1) June, 2010.