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Comparative Study of the Effects of the Use of Combined Oral Pills and Progestin-Only Pills in Nigerian Females
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 4 (August)
Pages: 80-83   |   Vol. 2, No. 4, August 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 13   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1154   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Anslem O. Ajugwo, Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria.
[2]
Teddy C. Adias, Bayelsa State College of Health Technology Ogbia, Nigeria.
[3]
Tosan A. Erhabor, Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria (MLSCN) Abuja, Nigeria.
[4]
Andre M. Abouo, Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Madonna University Elele, Nigeria.
[5]
Fredrick C. Anolue, Dept. of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imo State University Teaching Hospital Orlu, Nigeria.
[6]
Ikechukwu R. A. Nnadozie, Dept. of Parasitology/Microbiology, Imo State University Teaching Hospital Orlu, Nigeria.
Abstract
This study involved fifty apparently healthy females on oral contraceptives (test) and another fifty apparently healthy females not on oral contraceptives (control). Both groups were aged 16-40 years of age. The test group have been on oral contraceptive for at least 5 months. Test group was grouped into progestin-only pill (POP) users and combined oral pill (COP) users. The following parameters were analyzed, packed cell volume (PCV), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), Haemoglobin Estimation (Hb), Red cell indices, total white blood count (TWBC) and platelet count using standard manual methods. The results showed significant increase (P<0.05) in platelet counts, ESR and TWBC when compared with control. Significant difference (p<0.05) was also seen in platelet count and WBC when progestin-only pill (POP) users were compared with combined oral pill (COP) users. These findings suggest that oral contraceptive (OC) users could be predisposed to thrombosis with COP users having greater risk than POP users.
Keywords
Oral Contraceptives, Thrombosis, Nigerian Females
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