Assessment of Bacteriological and Physicochemical Properties of Some Selected Sources of Drinking Water in Gashua, Nigeria
The study aimed at assessing the bacteriological and physicochemical properties of some selected sources of drinking water in Gashua, Nigeria. Water samples were collected from boreholes and hand pumps from three location using sterilized sample bottles. The bacteriological and physicochemical properties of the samples were analyzed using standard analytical methods described by APAH, EPA and Cheesbrough. The method used for enumeration of bacteria was multiple tube fermentation technique using MacConkey broth. After 24 hours, the tubes forming gas and acid were recorded and the corresponding MPN index was determined from the probability table. The positive tubes were streaked unto Nutrient agar plates, distinct colonies were picked and sub-cultured into Nutrient agar slant labeled appropriately. Pure isolates were Gram stained, isolates were further subjected to biochemical tests. Four bacteria species isolated from the boreholes and the hand pumps are Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticu and Staphylococcus xylosus. Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus xylosus were isolated from all the sources. Escherichia coli had the highest percentage of 17.07%, 14.65% and 7.32% in Sabon Gari borehole, Katuzu borehole and Low-Cost hand pump respectively while Staphylococcus saprophyticus was detected only in Katuzu hand pump with 2.44%. The physicochemical properties of the boreholes and hand pumps are within the recommended limits set by SON except the pH of both the boreholes and hand pumps found in Sabom Gari and Katuzu that was found below the recommended limits set by SON for drinking water.
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