Unwise Use of Pesticides to Control Vegetables Pests in Shikan Locality in North Kordofan State, Sudan
It is no doubt there are many advantages of using pesticides in agriculture and general medical health but unwise use is a problem to non-targeted organism. In addition to this it leads to insect pest resurgence and resistance, and we are daily consuming some amount of poison through fruits and vegetables so, pesticides has polluted and it is being polluted our calm and sweet atmosphere. This study was done at Sheikan locality, North Kordofan state, Sudan in season 2016/2017. The main objective of the study was to throw light on negative effect of misuse of pesticides application on small scale farms of vegetables where tomatoes and eggplant grown. Individual questionnaire was designed to collect information by interviewing 50 farmers from 4 villages in Sheikan locality for their experience in the incident ad control of vegetables pests. The data obtained through the questionnaire revealed that the main problem is white fly beside other pests and 90% of the farmers used chemical to the control and 46% of them said the sources of chemicals is Plant Protection Department; 38% said local market while 8% said local trade men in the villages and 45% of the interviewers do not know the correct recommended dose and use local measurement for determination the application rate. Regarding chemical types 70% of the farmers apply sevin, 20% used malathion and 52% used sprayers and spray more than three times, 34% apply pesticides in the morning, 20% apply chemical at evening before sun set and the rest of them don’t know certain time and concerning protective cloths all do not care about and wear ordinary ones. In conclusion we should prevent indiscriminate use of pesticides and farmers should train to acquire knowledge about economic threshold level and natural enemies'. Further and above our agricultural scientist should find out some alternate tools to control vegetables pests and disease for development and catch our goals for the benefit to the farmers and environment too.
Pesticides, Kordofan, Vegetables, Misuse, Alternate Tools
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