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Histopathological Changes in the Gills, Fillet and Liver of Parachanna obscura in an Abandoned Gold Mine Reservoir of Igun and Opa Reservoir, Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1 (March)
Pages: 1-8   |   Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2019   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 18   Since Jan. 30, 2019 Views: 63   Since Jan. 30, 2019
Authors
[1]
Obayemi Oluwadamilare Emmanuel, Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
[2]
Komolafe Olaniyi Olusola, Department of Zoology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Abstract
This study examined comparative histopathological changes in the gills, fillet and liver of Parachanna obscura of Opa and Igun reservoirs. Fish species were collected with the reservoir water and brought to the laboratory for identification. Histological analyses were done on the fish tissues and photomicrograph taken. Similar alterations observed in the gills of P. obscura in Opa and Igun reservoirs include rupture of epithelium, hypertrophy of primary lamellae, hyperplasia of secondary lamellae and fusion of lamellae. The fillet of P. obscura in the two reservoirs revealed muscular atrophy and splitting while muscular atrophy and degeneration were observed in the fillet of P. obscura of Igun reservoir only. Histopathological alterations observed in the liver of P. obscura of Opa reservoir liver was vascular congestion in portal artery compared to vascular congestion in central vein of Igun reservoir fish. Both reservoirs fish showed hepatopancreas and liver cells degeneration. The study concluded that histopathological alterations were more prominent in the organs of P. obscura in Igun reservoir compared to Opa reservoir.
Keywords
Histopathology, Reservoir, Gills, Fillet, Liver, Parachanna obscura
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