Screening for the Unexplored Potential of Haloalkaliphilic Bacteria, Oceanobacillusoncorhynchi
Recent studies have clearly shown that halotolerant and alkalophilic species are good sources of rare biomolecules of industrial interest. A haloalkaliphilic bacterium was isolated from the solar saltpans of the Thoothukudi district located in Tamil Nadu, India. The isolate is a gram-positive, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium and ferments several carbohydrates. The physiological characterization (optimum pH, temperature and salt) was determined. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, the isolate was shown to belong to the genus Oceanobacillus and species oncorhynchi. This is the first article indexing the unknown properties of this unexplored bacterium. To better understand the role of this isolate, several experiments were carried out in this study to investigate its metabolic peculiarities, particularly regarding the production of exopolysaccharides or industrially important enzymes. Overall, the results determined that this isolate could be established for its specific metabolic products that are of biotechnological interest.
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