Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Influence of Age and Strain on Haematological and Blood Biochemical Indices in Broiler Chickens Reared in Derived Savanna Environment of Nigeria
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2017
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 34-38   |   Vol. 5, No. 5, October 2017   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 26   Since Aug. 14, 2017 Views: 652   Since Aug. 14, 2017
Amao Shola Rasheed, Department of Agricultural Education (Animal Sci. Division; Animal Breeding & Genetics Unit), School of Vocational and Technical Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Isokun Campus, Oyo, Nigeria.
Oyewumi Samuel Olusegun, Department of Agricultural Education (Animal Sci. Division; Animal Breeding & Genetics Unit), School of Vocational and Technical Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Isokun Campus, Oyo, Nigeria.
This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of age and strain on haemotological and blood biochemical indices in broiler chickens reared in derived savanna zone of Nigeria. Three hundred broiler chickens of consisting hundred Ross (R), one hundred Anak (A) and one hundred Marshall (M); haematological and blood serum biochemical indices were then determined at 14, 28, 42 and 56 days for the three strains. The birds were reared for a period of 56days and data were obtained on the blood indices and analysed for fixed effect of ages and strain in a completely randomized design (CRD). Haemotological parameters include red blood cell (RBC), White Blood Cell (WBC), Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (M CV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH). Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Heterophils (H), Lymphocyte (L), Monocytes (M), Eosinophils (EO) and Basophils (B). However the serum biochemical indices include the total protein (TP), Serum Albumin (SA), Serum Globulin (SG), Uric Acid (UA), Serum Glucose (SGL) and Serum Cholestrol (SC). The erythrocytic values shows significant (P < 0.05) different as a function of age. RBC count, PCV and Hb were highest for Anak strain for all ages considered. MCV values favoured the Marshall birds, with decrease values as birds attain ages. WBC, EO and B values were highest for Anak strain while H and L favoured the Ross birds. There were no significant (P > 0.05) different for Monocytes at all ages considered. Serum biochemical components showed significant (P < 0.05) differences at all ages.
Broilers, Age, Strain, Haematology, Blood Biochemical, Derived Savanna
Lamorode, A. G. (1996). The role of veterinarian in a developing economy. Nigerian Veterinary Journal. (Special Edition). 1:106-111.
Ibrahim, M. A and Abdu, P. A. (1992). Ethno-agro veterinary perspective of poultry management, health and production among the Hausa/Fulani of rural Nigeria. Proceedings of the Scientific Session of Nigerian Medical Association. Pp172-181.
Sola- Ojo, F. E and Ayorinde, K. L. (2009). Effect of sex on carcass characteristics of the Fulani ecotype chickens (FEC). Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria-Lautech. Pp35-37.
Jaturashitta. S. (2004). Meat Management. Mingnuang Press Chiong Mai, Thailand.
Amao, S. R. (2009). Comparative studies of growth performance and blood parameters of four strains of broilers chickens under deep litter and cage systems M. Tech dissertation submitted to the department of Animal Production and Health- Lautech. Ogbomoso.
Oluremi, O. I. A., Wuanor, G. J and Orayaga, K. T. (2009). Effect of fermentation on some chemical constituents in sweet orange (Citrus sinensis) peal meal and nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens. Proceeding of 14th Annual Conference of Association of Animal Science of Nigeria.-Lautech. Pp118-120.
Islam, M. S., Lucky, N. S., Islam, M. R., Ahadi, A., Das, B. R., Rahman, M. M and Siddini, M. S. I. (2004). Haematological parameter of Fayoumi, Asil and local chickens reared in Sylhet region in Bangladesh. Int. J. Poultry Science 3:144-147.
Awotwi, E. K. (1991). Haematological studies on three commercial layer strains of chickens in Ghana. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod Afr. 39:231-236.
Ojedapo, L. O., Adedeji, T. A., Odunsi, A. A., Ojebiyi, O. O., Olayeni, T. B and Aderinola, O. O (2006). Comparison of the haematological parameters of the three different strains of commercial broiler chickens at two different ages in the derived savanna zone. Int. J. Apl. Agr. and Agr. Res. IJAAAR. 3(1): 10-16.
Talebi, A., Assi-Reznei, S., Rozch-chai, R and Sahraei, R. (2005). Comparative studies on haematological values of broiler strains (Ross, Cobb, Arbor-Acres and Arian). Int. J. Poultry Science.4 (8): 573-579.
Ladokun, A. O., Yakubu, A., Olite, J. R., Omeje, J. N., Sokunbi, O. A and Onyeji, E (2008). Haematological and serum biochemical indices of naked neck and normally feathered Nigerian indigenous chicken in a sub- humid tropical environment. Int. J. Poultry Science 7 (1): 55-58.
Kral, I and Suchy, P. (2000). Haematological studies in adolescent breeding cocks. Acta Vet. Bmo. 69: 189-194.
BATC (2004). British American Tobacco Company Meterological site. Ogbomoso. Nigeria.
Doumas, B. T. (1975). Standards for total serum protein assay. Clinical Chemistry. 21:1159.
Doumas, B. T and Biggs H. G (1972). Determination of serum albumin. In standard methods of Clinical Chemistry Vol. 7(ED) Cooper. G. R. Academic Press, New York, Pp:175.
Allain, C. C., Poon, L. S., Chon, C. G. S, Richmond, W and Fu, P. C. (1974). Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clinical Chemistry, 20:470.
Varley, H., Gowshock, A. H and Bell, M (1980). Determination of serum urea using the diacetyl monoxide method. Practical Clinical Biochemisty. 5th (Ed). William Heinemann Medical Books Ltd, London.
Kaplan, A and Szabo, L. L. (1983). Clinical Chemistry: Interpretation and Techniques. 2nd (Ed). Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia. Pp 313-314.
SAS (Statistical Analysis System). (2003) Version 10, SAS. Institute Inc. Carry N. C. USA.
Shemen T., Wuanor, A. A. and Iorember, K. (2011). The effect of breed and sex on haematological parameters of broiler chickens in the Sourthern Guinea savanna ecological zone of Nigeria. Proceedings of the 16th Annual Conference of the Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN), September 12th – 15th, K. S. U. Anyigba, Nigeria, 138 -141.
Ajayi, H. I. and Imouokhome, J. I. (2015). Blood parameters and performance of broiler chickens fed diets containing feather meal at three crude protein levels, with or without protease supplementation. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 11(2):146 -149
Olaiya, O. D., Yisa, A. G., Adelowo, V. O., Payi, E., Udokainyang, A. D., Yenle, F. G. and Adeleke, M. A. (2014). Growth performance and heamatological profile of growing broiler fed roasted sesame (Sesame Indicum L) seed meal. In: Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production. 231- 234.
Ogunwole, O. A., Oikeh, I., Majekodunmi, B. C., Ayinde, B. O. and Lawal, T. T. (2013). Blood profile of broiler chickens as affected by diets supplemented with graded levels of ascorbic acid. Ibadan Journal of Agricultural Research, 9: 211-217.
Agboola, A. F., Ajayi, H. I., Ogunbode, S. M., Majolagbe, O. H., Adenekan, O. O., Oguntuyo, C. T. and Opaleye, R. O. (2014). Serum biochemistry and haematological indices of broiler chickens fed graded levels of frog (Ranaesculata) meal as replacement to fish meal. International Journal of Agriculture and Biosciences. 2 (5): 260-265.
Rahman, M. S., Mustari, A., Salauddin, M. and Rahman, M. M. (2013). Effects of probiotics and enzymes on growth performance and haematobiochemical parameters in broilers. J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ., 11(1): 111–118.
Najib, H. and Al-Aqil, A. (2015). Effect of seasonal changes in environmental temperatures on blood parameters of local, necked neck and white leghorn layers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 14 (7): 398-402,
Elagib, Hind A. A., Abuaglla, D. A., Ahmed, K. M. E. and Malik, H. E. E. (2012). Blood biochemical profile of males and females of three indigenous chicken ecotypes in Sudan. J. Vet. Adv., 2: 568-572.
El -Faham, A. I., Ahmed, A. M. H. and Rayan, G. N. (2015). Response of broiler chicks strain to some growth promotors and their interaction on performance, carcass characteristics and blood plasma constituents. Egyptian Poultry Science Journal, 35 (II): 557-572.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved