Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Characterization of Five Sugarcane Landraces in Western Cameroon
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2016
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 33-40   |   Vol. 4, No. 5, October 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 77   Since Sep. 23, 2016 Views: 1500   Since Sep. 23, 2016
Doris Besem Arrey, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
Afui Mathias Mih, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is a major source of sugar in the world. Other emerging uses of the crop necessitate selection from adapted landraces. This makes proper characterization of landraces compelling. Five landraces cultivated in western Cameroon were characterized using comparative morphology. The landraces showed significant variation in quantitative and qualitative characters used for evaluation. Multivariate analysis showed that the five landraces formed three clusters; the first cluster has one landrace NBFAg53, the second has two (SBK36 and SMU58) and the third has two (NBFPc48 and SNC16). Three Principal Components accounted for over 66% of variation. Regression analysis also showed that the actual leaf area of sugarcane leaf (y) can be reliably estimated from the length and breadth at the broadest portion, by the equation: Y = 0.0615x + 62.3cm2. (R2 = 0.782, p ≤ 0.001).
Sugarcane, Landraces, Comparative Morphology, PCA, Cameroon
Nosheen N E, Ashraf M. A comparative study of the morphological characters of six sugarcane varieties. Pakistan Journal of Botany 2001; 33 (special issues).
Akhtar M, Nosheen NE, Ashraf M. Morphological Characters of Some Exotic Sugarcane Varieties. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 2001; 4: 471-476.
Faroog M. Morphological and agricultural characteristics of sugarcane in relation to mechanized cultivation. Proceedings of workshop on Agricultural and morphological description of sugarcane varieties. NARC, 1989. Islamabad, pp 51-61.
Mohammadi SA, Prasanna BM. Analysis of genetic diversity in crop plant-salient statistical tools and considerations. Crop Science 2003; 43: 1235-1248.
Brasileiro BP, Marinho CD, Costa PMA, Peternelli LA, Resende MDV, Cursi DE, Hoffmann HP, Barbosa MHP. Genetic diversity and coefficient of parentage between clones and sugarcane varieties in Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Research 2014; 13 (4): 9005-9018.
Akhtar M, Jamil M, Ahmed S. Agronomic traits and morphological characteristics of some exotic varieties of sugarcane. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural research 2006; 19 (4): 1-8.
Sheela MS, Gopalan A. Association studies for yield and its related traits of fodder cowpea in F4 generation. Journal ofApplied Science and Research 2006; 2 (9): 584–586.
SAS Institute. SAS (Statistical Analysis System) user’s guide: statistic 1999. SAS Institute, NC
Artschwager, E. The role of ligule in sugarcane taxonomy. Annals of Botany 1951a; 38: 144-146.
Nair, NV, Balakrishnan R, Sreenivasan TV, Variability for quantitative traits in exotic hybrid germplasm of sugarcane. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 1998; 45: 459-463.
Adéoti K, Dansi A, Ahoton L, Vodouhè R, Ahohuendo BC, Rival A, Sanni A. Agromophological characterization of Sesamum radiatum (Schum. and Thonn.), a neglected and underutilized species of traditional leafy vegetable of great importance in Benin. African Journal of Agricultural Research 2012; 7 (24): 3569-3578.
Almeida M, Crocomo OJ. Organographic characteristics of ten sugarcane (Saccharum spp.) cultivars II: The leaf. Revista de Agricultura Piracicaba 1994; 69 (2): 161-182.
Blanco F. F. and Folegatti, M. V. (2005) “Estimation of leaf area for greenhouse cucumber by linear measurements under salinity and grafting,” Agricultural Science 62 (4): 305–309.
Pandey SK, Singh H. A Simple Cost-Effective Method for Leaf Area Estimation. Journal of Botany 2011; Volume Article ID 658240, 6 pages http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/658240
Olaoye G. Yield potential of non-irrigated sugarcane germplasm accessions in Savanna ecology of Nigeria., Moor Journal of Agricultural Research 2006; 7 (2): 69-75.
Shahzad S, Khan AF, Iqbal M Z, Khaliq I, Ahmed N. Characterization of local and exotic sugarcane genotypes on the basis of morphological and quality related attributes. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science 2016; 53 (1): 121-128.
Tahir M, Rahman H, Gul R, Ali A, Khali, M. Genetic diversity in sugarcane genotypes. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 2013; 3: 102-109.
You Q, Xu L, Meng Y, Que Y. Genetic diversity analysis of sugarcane parents in Chinese breeding programmes using gSSR markers. Science World Journal 2013; 1-11.
Smiullah K, Afzal FA, Abdullah A, Ijaz U, Iftikhar, R. Genetic diversity Assessment in Sugarcane using Principal Component Analysis (PCA). International Journal of Modern Agriculture 2013; 2 (1): 34-38.
Mostafa K, Mohammad HF, Mohammad M. Genetic diversity of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes based on cluster and principal component analyses for breeding strategies. Australian Journal of Crop Science 2011; 5 (1): 17-24.
Thapa DB, Sharma RC, Mudwari A, Ferrara GO, Sharma S, Basnet RK, Witcombe JR, Virik DS, Joshi K D. Identifying superior wheat cultivars in participatory research on resource poor farms. Field Crop Research 2009; 112: 124-130.
Kraic F, Mocák J, Roháčik T, Sokolovičová J. Chemometric characterization and classification of new wheat genotypes. Nova Biotechnology 2009; 9: 101-106.
Mih MA, Tonjock KR, Ndam LM. Morphological characterization of four selections of Vernonia hymenolepsis A. Rich. (Asteraceae). World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1999; 4 (2): 220-223.
May Ol, Bowman DT, Calhoun DS. Genetic diversity of US upland cotton cultivars released between 1980 and 1990. Crop Science 1995; 35: 1570-1574.
Menezes-Sobrino JA, Decharcher JM, Arago FAS. Morphological characterization of garlic germplasm by multivariate analysis of principal component and canonic variables. Horticulturae Brasileira 1999; 17: 96–101.
Lallemand J, Messian CM, Briand F, Etoh E. Delimitation of varietal groups in garlic (Allium sativum L.) by morphological, physiological and biochemical characters. Acta Horticulturae 1997, 433: 123–129.
Ahmad MQ, Khan SH, Azhar FM. Decreasing level of genetic diversity in germplasm and cultivars of upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) in Pakistan. Journal of Agriculture and Social Science 2012; 8: 92–96.
Mbah EU, Eke- Okoro O. Relationship Between some Growth Parameters, Dry Matter Content and Yield of Some Sweet Potato Genotypes Grown under Rainfed Weathered Ultisols in the Humid Tropics. Journal of Agronomy 2015; 14: 121-129.
Özalkan Ç, Sepetoglu HT, Daur I, Sen OF. Relationship between some plant growth parameters and grain yield of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) during different growth stages. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 2010; 15 (1): 79-83.
Das PK, Jena BC, Nayak N, Parida AK. Correlation and Path analysis of cane yield in sugarcane. Cooperation of Sugarcane 1996; 27 (7): 509-512.
Tyagi SD, Singh DN. Correlation and heritability studies in sugarcane. Indian Sugar 2000; 50 (5): 303-308.
Madhavi D, Reddy CR, Reddy P M, Reddy CLK, Reddy KR, Reddy KHP. Correlation studies in sugarcane. Cooperation of Sugarcane, 199122 (6): 379-381.
Khan FA, Mujahid M, SadaqatHA. Factor Wise Contribution of Yield and Quality Influencing Characters of Saccharum officinarum L. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2001; 3 (2): 217–220.
Khan FA, Iqbal MY, Sultan M. Morphogenetic behaviour of some agronomic traits of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural science 2007; 44 (4): 600-603.
Khan FA, zafar F, Malook S, Riaz A, Sher A, Ahmad S, Zeeshan M. Factor wise contribution of some morphological traits to sugar contents in Sacharum officinarum. Life Science Journal 2015; 12 (5s): 32-48.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved