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Characterization of Five Sugarcane Landraces in Western Cameroon
Current Issue
Volume 4, 2016
Issue 5 (October)
Pages: 33-40   |   Vol. 4, No. 5, October 2016   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 77   Since Sep. 23, 2016 Views: 1500   Since Sep. 23, 2016
Authors
[1]
Doris Besem Arrey, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
[2]
Afui Mathias Mih, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Buea, Cameroon.
Abstract
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is a major source of sugar in the world. Other emerging uses of the crop necessitate selection from adapted landraces. This makes proper characterization of landraces compelling. Five landraces cultivated in western Cameroon were characterized using comparative morphology. The landraces showed significant variation in quantitative and qualitative characters used for evaluation. Multivariate analysis showed that the five landraces formed three clusters; the first cluster has one landrace NBFAg53, the second has two (SBK36 and SMU58) and the third has two (NBFPc48 and SNC16). Three Principal Components accounted for over 66% of variation. Regression analysis also showed that the actual leaf area of sugarcane leaf (y) can be reliably estimated from the length and breadth at the broadest portion, by the equation: Y = 0.0615x + 62.3cm2. (R2 = 0.782, p ≤ 0.001).
Keywords
Sugarcane, Landraces, Comparative Morphology, PCA, Cameroon
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