Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Adaptation of Grass Pea as Sole and Relay Cropping Systems with Transplanted Aman Rice in Sylhet Region of Bangladesh
Current Issue
Volume 3, 2015
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 254-259   |   Vol. 3, No. 6, December 2015   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 36   Since Nov. 4, 2015 Views: 1409   Since Nov. 4, 2015
Authors
[1]
Mahmudul Islam Nazrul, On-Farm Research Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
[2]
Md. Rayhan Shaheb, On-Farm Research Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Sylhet, Bangladesh.
Abstract
In Bangladesh, grass pea is generally grown as relay crop in the monsoon rice field but the farmers of Sylhet region are not habituated to grow grass pea as relay crop. Moreover, most of the lands remain fallow during rabi season (winter period) after harvest of monsoon rice due to shortage of soil moisture and lack of irrigation facilities. In this endeavor, for the increasing productivity of crop through the inclusion of grass pea in the rice based cropping system, an experiment was conducted in two locations of Sylhet areas during 2011-12 & 2012-13 for the better adaptation of grass pea through timely sowing and best utilization of existing residual soil moisture. The treatments comprises of T1: T. aman rice (var. BRRI dhan 33) as sole, T2: relay of grass pea var. BARI Khesari-1 with T. aman rice; T3: relay of grass pea var. BARI Khesari-2 with T. aman rice; T4: BARI Khesari-1 as sole and T5: BARI Khesari-2 as sole in the present study. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three dispersed replications at two different locations. Results revealed that higher rice equivalent yields were recorded at both locations from the two varieties of grass pea as relayed with T. aman rice. The higher economic benefit such as gross return (US$ 1428-1463 ha-1), net return (US$ 880-915 ha-1) and BCR (2.6-2.67) was recorded from relay cropping of grass pea in each location. Through the inclusion of grass pea as relay crop in the rice based cropping system, a vast area of fallow lands of Sylhet region in Bangladesh can be brought under cultivation which also be improved soil health and increased the productivity of crop.
Keywords
Productivity, Relay Cropping, Grass Pea, Rice Equivalent Yield, Economic Benefit, Fallow Land Utilization
Reference
[1]
Sharma RN, Chitale MW, Ganvir GB, Geda AK, Pandey RL (2000) Observations on the development of selection criterion for high yield and low neurotoxin in grass pea based on genetic resources, Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsletter, 1: 15–16.
[2]
Das NR (2000) Lathyrussativus in rainfed multiple cropping systems in West Bengal-a review. Laths Lath Newsletter, 1: 25–27.
[3]
BBS (2010) Statistical Yearbook of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
[4]
Wang F, Chen X, Qin X, Li Z (2000) Determination of nurotoxin 3-N-oxalyl-2, 3-diaminopropanoic acid and non-protein amino acids in Lathyrussativus L. by precolumn derivatization with 1-fluoro-2, 4-dinitrobenzene. Journal of Chromatogrraphy, 883: 113-118.
[5]
Islam MS, Akbar MA, Bhuiya MSU, Islam MS (1999) Production of legume fodder (Sesbaniarostrata) in rice cropping system in rural Bangladesh and it’s use as supplement to straw-based ration for growing cattle. Fifth International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores San Antonio, TX. April.
[6]
Nazrul MI, Shaheb MR, Chowdhury AK, Sarker JU (2013) Soil moisture monitoring in t. aman rice harvested fallow land under surmakushiara flood plain of Sylhet. Bangladesh Agronomy Journal, 16 (2):59-66.
[7]
Nazrul MI, Shaheb MR (2012) Potato-T. aus-T. aman rice: An improve and sustainable cropping pattern for fallow land utilization of Sylhet. On-Farm Research Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Sylhet-3100, pp24.
[8]
Jabbar A, Ahmad, Bhatti IH, Rehman A, Virk ZA, Vains SN (2010) Effect of different rice-based intercropping systems on rice grain yield and residual soil fertility. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42: 2339–2348.
[9]
Ahmad R, Jabbar A, Ahmad AH, Ullah E, Bhatti IH (2007) Evaluation of direct seeded upland rice-based intercropping systems under strip planting geometry. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Science, 44: 1-5.
[10]
Gupta S, Bhowmick MK (2005) Scope of growing lathyrus and lentil in relay cropping systems after rice in West Bengal, India. Lathyrus Lathyrism Newsletter, 4.
[11]
Singh CV, Singh RK, Chauhan VS (1990) Relative performance of pigeon pea genotype in sole and rice intercrop systems. International Pigeon pea Newsletter, 17:19-20.
[12]
Reddy TY, Reddi GHS (1992) Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers. New Delhi-110002, India. 423.
[13]
Perrin, R. K., D. L. Winkelman, E. R. Moseardi and J. R. Anderson. 1979. Farm agronomic data on farmer’s recommendations. Information Bulletin 27, CIMMYT. Mexico.
[14]
Gomez KA and Gomez AA (1984). Statistical procedures for Agricultural Research. 2nd edn. John Wiley and Sons, New York, 194.
[15]
Rashid MH, Rony MKI, Nasrin S (2012) Increasing productivity of rice-rice cropping system adopting short duration rice and mustard and relay cropping. International Conference on Environment, Agriculture and Food Sciences (ICEAFS '2012) August 11-12; Phuket, Thailand.
[16]
Malik AI, Ali MO, Zaman MS, Flower K, Rahman MM, Erskine W (2015) Relay sowing of lentil (Lens culinaris subsp. culinaris) to intensify rice-based cropping. Journal of Agricultural Science, pp.1-8.doi:10.1017/S0021859614001324.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved