Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Toxoplasma gondii May be an Advisor for Aggressiveness: Seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in Murderer Women in Iraq
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 187-190   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, December 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 8   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1165   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Alaa Tareq Shakir Al-Hassnawi, Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Babylon, Babylon, Iraq.
Abstract
Background: Several studies have demonstrated the infection with Toxoplasma gondii can alter behavior and neurotransmitter function. In humans, acute infection with T. gondii can produce psychotic symptoms similar to those displayed by persons with schizophrenia. Methods: Fifty-four subjects (Women prisoners) with age range 20–55 years, 89 women not have crime record (as control group), with age range 15–60 years. Immunofluorecent assay was used to determine qualitative and quantitative IgG tested by automated VIDAS family instruments, this assay principle combines an enzyme immunoassay method by immunocapture with final fluorescent detection (ELFA). Results: The present study show significant differences between case control group and murder women group. Also, murder women had increased levels of serum IgG antibodies to T. gondii especially in high level IgG as compared with controls (1%), the significant value also revealed in all age groups al level 0.05 compare with control. Conclusions: This study suggested the a hypothesis that T. gondii is a risk factor for increasing aggressiveness in women, also, may be consider a main causative agent for murder behavior in women.
Keywords
Toxoplasma gondii, Seroprevalence, Murderer Women, Iraq
Reference
[1]
Al-Hassnawi, A.T. and Al-Qureshi, M.A. (2013). The effect of Toxocara canis infection with and without red light on the level of melatonin hormone and cytokines peripheral blood of albino rat. J. N. Sci. Res., 3(9): 178-186.
[2]
Arling, T.A.; Yolken, R.H.; Lapidus, M.; Langenberg, P.; Dickerson, F.P.; Zimmerman, S.A.; Balis, T.; Cabassa, J.A.; Scrandis, D.A.; Tonelli, L.H. and Postolache, T.T. (2009). Toxoplasma gondii Antibody Titers and History of Suicide Attempts in Patients with Recurrent Mood Disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197 (12):905-908 .
[3]
Al-Hassnawi, A.T.; Al-Dahmoshi H.O.M.; Al-Alawachi,S.F.and Al-Khafaji,S.K.(2014). Investigation of of Hematological Changes, Serum TNF-α and IFN-γ Level among in adverted radium- 226 irradiated persons in Hilla city Nader 3 District, Iraq.
[4]
Bogitsh, B.J., Cheng, T.C. and Oeltman, T.N. (2013). Human parasitology, 4th edn., Academic Press, San Diego, Oxford : 430 pp.
[5]
Fawzy, N. and Saber, M. (2009). Maternal toxoplasmosis: risk factor for schizophrenia and its disabling effect on maternal quality of Life. current psychiatry, 16(4): 326-34.
[6]
Flegr, J. (2007). Effect of toxoplasma on human behavior. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33(3): 757-760.
[7]
Flegr, J. (2013). Influence of latent Toxoplasma infection on human personality, physiology and morphology: pros and cons of the Toxoplasma–human model in studying the manipulating hypothesis., J. Experment. Biol., 216(1): 127-133.(Review)
[8]
Gatkowska, J.; Wieczorek, M.; Dziadek, B.; Dzitko, K. and Henryka Dlugonska, H. (2012). Behavioral changes in mice caused by Toxoplasma gondii invasion of brain. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33(3) : 757–760
[9]
Glor, S. B.; Grimm, F.; Edelhofer, R.; Depalazes, P. and Basso, W. (2013). Evaluation of a commercial ELISA kit for detection of antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii in serum, plasma and meat juice from experimentally and naturally infected sheep. Parasites & vectors, 6(85): 1-11.
[10]
Goodwin, D.G. (2011). Age and sex related behavioral changes in mice congenitally infected toxoplasma gondii: role of dopamine and other neurotransmitters in the genesis of behavioral changes due to congenital infection and attempted amelioration with interferon gamma. Ph. D. Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 198pp ؟
[11]
Henriquez ,S.R.; Brett, ,R.; Alexander, J.; Pratt, J. and Roberts, C.W. (2009). Neuropsychiatric disease and Toxoplasma gondii infection. Neuroimmunomodulation, 16: 122-133.
[12]
Hurley, R.A.; Hayman, L.A. and Taber, K.H. (2012). Latent Toxoplasmosis gondi Evidence for Influences on Neuropsychiatric Disorders. J. Neuropsychiatry Clin. Neurosci., 24(4): 376-383.
[13]
Kamerkar, S. and Davis, P.H. (2012). Toxoplasma on the brain: Understanding host-pathogen Interactions in Chronic CNS Infection. J. Parasitol. Res., 1(1): 1-10.
[14]
Ling, V.J.; Lester, D.; Mortensen, P.B.; Langenberg, P.; Mortensen, P.B. and Postolache, P.B. (2013). Toxoplasma gondii seropositivity and suicide rates in women. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 7: 440–444.
[15]
McConkey, G. A.; Martin, H. L.; Bristow, G. C. and Webester, J. P. (2013). Toxoplasma gondii infection and behaviour – location, location, location? J. Exp. Biol., 216: 113-119.
[16]
Norris, D.O. (2007). Vertebrate endocrinology. 4th edn., Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego: 550 pp.
[17]
Torrey, E.F. and Yelken, R.H. (2003). Toxoplasma gondii and schizophrenia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 9(11): 1375-1380.
[18]
Torrey, E.F.; Barko, J.J.; Lun, Z. and Yalken, R.H. (2006). Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii inpatients with schizophrenia: A Meta-analysis. Schizophrenia Bulletin, Oxford University Press.
[19]
Virrella, G. (2007). Medical immunology, 6th edn., Informa Healthcare, New York: 265 pp.
[20]
Vyas, A.and Sapolsky, R.(2010). Manipulation of host behaviour by Toxoplasma gondii: what is the minimum a proposed proximate mechanism should explain. Folia Parasitol.,57(2):88-94.(Abstract)
[21]
Webster, J.P. (2006). The Effect of Toxoplasma gondii on animal behavior: Playing cat and mouse. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 33 (3): 752-756.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved