Welcome to Open Science
Contact Us
Home Books Journals Submission Open Science Join Us News
Pattern of Inheritance in Some Yield Related Parameters in Spring Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Current Issue
Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6 (December)
Pages: 180-186   |   Vol. 2, No. 6, December 2014   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 30   Since Aug. 28, 2015 Views: 1607   Since Aug. 28, 2015
Authors
[1]
Amna Nazir, Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[2]
Ihsan khaliq, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, UAF, Pakistan.
[3]
Jehanzeb Farooq, Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[4]
Khalid Mahmood, Cotton Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[5]
Abid Mahmood, General Agri. Research, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[6]
Makhdoom Hussain, Wheat Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
[7]
Muhammad Shahid, Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, UAF, Pakistan.
Abstract
An experiment was conducted using 5×5 diallel crosses in wheat to evaluate five wheat genotypes and to analyze the gene action for yield and its components. Highly significant variability was observed among genotypes for various studied parameters. The additive component and non additive parts were significant for all the traits showing the importance of both these components in inheritance of the studied traits. The graphical representation showed that tiller number for each plant plant, height of plant, length of spike, grain number per spike and weight of 1000 grains were controlled by partial dominance with additive type of gene action. Over-dominance was observed in peduncle length, area of flag leaf and weight of grains per spike. Complete dominance was observed for spikelet number per spike and grain yield on per plant basis. Non-allelic interaction was absent for all the traits studied. The distribution of dominant and recessive genes for yield traits was also studied and noted that line 9437 being closet to the origin had maximum contribution of dominant genes for grain yield per plant. The estimates of narrow sense heritability (h2(n. s)) were higher for plant height, length of peduncle and grain number per spike indicating better chance for improvement following selection procedure in these traits. The traits governed by additive genes and partial dominance should be selected in early segregating generation. In traits showing over dominance, delayed selection would be better to practice.
Keywords
Additive, Gene Action, Yield Attributes, Allelic Interaction
Reference
[1]
Ajmal S, Khaliq I, Rehman A. 2011. Genetic analysis for some yield and yield traits in bread wheat (T. aestivum L.) J. Agric Res. 49(4): 447-454.
[2]
Ali MA, Khan IA, Awan SI, Ali S, Niaz S. 2008. Genetics of fibre quality traits in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 2: 10-17.
[3]
Ali MA, Awan SI. 2009. Inheritance pattern of seed and lint traits in Gossypium hirsutum L. Int. J. Agric. Biol. 11:44–48.
[4]
Anwar J, Akbar M, Hussain M, Asghar S, Ahmad J, Owais M. 2011. Combining ability estimates for grain yield in wheat. J. Agric. Res. 49(4): 437-445
[5]
Asif M, Khaliq I, Chowdhry MA, Salam A. 1999. Genetic mechanism for some spike characteristics and grain yield in bread wheat. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 2: 948-951.
[6]
Ejaz-ul-Hassan S, Khaliq I, 2008. Quantitative inheritance of some physiological traits for spring wheat under two different population densities. Pak. J. Bot. 40(2): 581-587.
[7]
Falconer DS, Mackay TFC. 1996. Introduction to quantitative genetics. 4th Ed. Longman Essay, England.
[8]
Farooq J, Habib I, Saeed A, Nawab NN, Khaliq I, and Abbas G. 2006. Combining ability for yield and its components in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J. Agric. Soc. Sci. 2(4):207-211.
[9]
Farooq J, Khaliq I, Khan AS, Pervez MA. 2010. Studying the genetic mechanism of some yield contributing traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol. 12(2): 241-246.
[10]
Farooq J, Khaliq I, Kashif M, Ali Q, Mahpara S. 2011b. Genetic analysis for relative cell injury percentage and some yield contributing traits in wheat in normal and high temperature stress regimes. Chilean. J. Agric. Res. 71(4):511-520.
[11]
Farooq J, Khaliq I, Ali MA, Kashif M, Ali Q, Rehman A, Naveed M, Nazeer W, Farooq A. 2011a. Inheritance pattern of yield attributes in spring wheat at grain filling stage in different temperature regimes. Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 5(13):1745-1753.
[12]
Fehr WR. 1978. Breeding. In: Soybean physiology, agronomy and utilization (Ed. A.G. Norman), pp. 120-155, Academic Press, Inc. Ltd., London.
[13]
Gurmani RR Khan SJ, Saqib ZA, Khan R, Shakeel A, Ullah M. 2007. Genetic evaluation of some yield and yield related traits in wheat. Pak. J. Agric. Sci. 44(1): 6-10.
[14]
Hayman BI. 1954a.The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. Genetics.39: 789-809.
[15]
Hayman BI. 1954b.The theory and analysis of diallelcrosses. Biometrics.10: 235-245
[16]
Heidari B, Rezai A, Maibody SAMM. 2006. Diallel analysis for the estimation of genetic parameters for grain yield and grain yield components in bread wheat. J. Sci. Technol. Agric. Natur. Resour. 10(2): 140-143.
[17]
Irshad M, Khaliq I, Khan AS, Ali A. 2012. Genetic studies for some agronomic traits in spring wheat under high temperature stress. Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 49(1): 11-20.
[18]
Jinks JL. 1955. A survey of the genetical basis of heterosis in a variety of diallel crosses. Heredity.9: 223-238.
[19]
Jinks JL. 1954. The analysis of continuous variation in diallel crosses of Nicotiana rustica L. Varieties. Genetics. 39: 767-788.
[20]
Kaur V, Behl RK. 2010. Grain yield in wheat as affected by short periods of high temperature, drought and their interaction during pre- and post- anthesis stages. Cereal. Res. Commun. 38: 514-520.
[21]
Mather KV, Jinks JL. 1982. Introduction to Biometrical Genetics. Chapman and Hall Ltd., London.
[22]
Muller J. 1991. Determining leaf surface area by means of a wheat osmoregulation water use: the challenge. Agric. Meterolo. 14: 311-320.
[23]
Rehman A, Ali MA, Atta BM, Saleem M, Abbas A, Mallahi AR. 2009. Genetic studies of yield related traits in mungbean (Vignaradiata L. Wilczek). Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 3: 352-360.
[24]
Saeed A, Khan AS, Khaliq I, Ahmad R. 2010. Combining ability studies on yield related traits in wheat under normal and water stress conditions. Pak. J. Agri. Sci. 47(4): 345-354.
[25]
Samiulallah, Khan AS, Raza A, Sadique S. 2010. Gene action analysis of yield and yield related traits in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Int. J. Agric. Biol.12: 125-128.
[26]
Shakeel A, Farooq J, Ali MA, Riaz M, Farooq A, Saeed A. Saleem MF. 2011. Inheritance Pattern of earliness in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L). Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 5(10) 1224-1231.
[27]
Stansfield WD. 1986. Theory and Problems of Genetics. Second Edition, McGraw Hill Inc., New York, Toronto, London.
[28]
Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach, 3rd ed. McGraw Hill Book Co., New York.
[29]
Yao JB, Ma HX, Ren LJ, Zhang PP, Yang XM, Yao GC, Zhang P, Zhou MP, 2011. Genetic analysis of plant height and its components in diallel crosses of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Aust. J. Crop. Sci. 5(11):1408-1418.
Open Science Scholarly Journals
Open Science is a peer-reviewed platform, the journals of which cover a wide range of academic disciplines and serve the world's research and scholarly communities. Upon acceptance, Open Science Journals will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read and download.
CONTACT US
Office Address:
228 Park Ave., S#45956, New York, NY 10003
Phone: +(001)(347)535 0661
E-mail:
LET'S GET IN TOUCH
Name
E-mail
Subject
Message
SEND MASSAGE
Copyright © 2013-, Open Science Publishers - All Rights Reserved