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Otwere, Mbosi Oral Literature in Congo Brazzaville
Current Issue
Volume 5, 2018
Issue 4 (December)
Pages: 49-54   |   Vol. 5, No. 4, December 2018   |   Follow on         
Paper in PDF Downloads: 39   Since Nov. 18, 2018 Views: 980   Since Nov. 18, 2018
Authors
[1]
Mesmin Obah, Department of English Language and Literature, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China.
[2]
Lianggong Luo, Department of English Language and Literature, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China.
[3]
Joseph Itoua, Departments of Philosophy and History, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo.
[4]
Didier Ngalebaye, Departments of Philosophy and History, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo.
Abstract
The mbosi people live in central and northern Congo-Brazzaville. They occupy both banks of the Alima River. To organize themselves in society, they are assembled around their chiefs and crated Otwere, an old judicature that deals with the justice of our "fathers". Otwere, which is nourished by the traditions is also considered as oral literature because of its specificity to draw heavily on orality. For memory, Africa is a land that has suffered many hardships. Slavery, economic plunder, acculturated, speaking the languages of other peoples (European countries). But liberated, the fights to be carried out are multiple. So, in this work, it is question to show how the Mbosi people, are organized through the Otwere judicature to take up the challenges related to the domination of their culture. As a reminder, the Mbosi were also victims of the colonial exploitation. The documents necessary for their civilization and their literature were carried away. Thus, through Otwere the work is to examine how the Mbosi organized their socio-political life. Otwere appears nowadays as a vision of the world, a system of representation, with an ideology that guides its action in all dimensions of life: social, political, economic and cultural [1]. The following questions can help us understand its effectiveness: What is Otwere, what is its mission? What are its great challenges in a globalized world and what is its general vision of this world? These important questions are of particular interest to observers of the socio-cultural and political life of the Mbosi society. This is how the particular literary study is devoted to this institution.
Keywords
Otwere, Twere, Mbosi, Orality, Tradition, Institution, Judicature
Reference
[1]
Itoua J.: Otwere. Mbosi Traditional Institution (Congo Brazzaville), Paris, Harmattan, 2010, p. 296. Itoua J.: The Mbosi in the Congo: People and Civilization, Paris, Harmattan, 2007
[2]
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[3]
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[4]
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[5]
Obenga Th.: The Congolese bowl. Men and Structures, Contribution to the Traditional History of Central Africa, Paris, African Presence, 1976
[6]
Gassongo B. (Bishop): Otwere, ancestral judicature among Mbosi, Brazzaville, Lianes, 1979, p. 39.
[7]
Www. France-jeune.net: Close up on the literary currents
[8]
Mabanckou Alain, Mémoires de porc-épic, 2006
[9]
Ngalebaye D.: Otwere, the traditional judicature mbosi facing the challenges of Congolese modernity, Paris, Publibook, 2010, p. 177.
[10]
Kidiba S, Yekoka J. F: "Definition and Portrait of the Nzoonzi in Nkoongo culture in Congo Brazzaville" in Kouloumbou M. J and Mavouangui D.: Kongo values: specificity and university, Paris, Harmattan, 2013, pp. 149-161.
[11]
Laditan (Affin O.) From Orality to the Literature: Metamorphosis of the word among Yoruba, Semen, 18 / 2004
[12]
Amadou Hampâté Bâ, "In Africa, when an old man dies, it a library that burns", at the tribune of Unesco, 1960
[13]
Ngalebaye D.: Elements of Moral and Political Philosophy in Black Africa. Prospective Hermeneutical Essay, Paris, Edilivre, 2011, p. 204.
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