The Role of References and Emotions in Creating Deceptive Messages on Online Dating Websites: A Case Study of English and Polish
Deception might be characterized by a variety of behaviors, both verbal and non-verbal, that are aimed at deliberately making a receiver believe in statements of a sender of a message. Particular techniques used by deceivers might be, however, detected because many researchers reveal certain cues that are characteristics of deception. Liars are believed to use pronouns in a particular way, but the amount and way personal information is provided is common among deceivers as well. Online communication seems to be a phenomenon that allows users to stay anonymous thanks to deception because detecting lying only through linguistic behaviors proves to pose more difficulties deprived of non-verbal communication cues. Nevertheless, the research that is presented and described in this paper aim at revealing deception that might be observable in profiles on online dating profiles. The two websites chosen for this research are: dating.telegraph.co.uk and swatka.pl. For the purpose of this paper, samples of short utterances presented in twenty male and twenty female profiles from one Polish and one English dating page were analyzed and some fragments selected from them will be presented and analyzed in more details in this paper.
Deception, Online Dating, Deceptive messages, Emotions, References, Intercultural Communication
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